Plan the city with the port: guide of good practices
The purpose of this Guide is to provide decision makers and stakeholders a decision support tool for addressing the problems they will face when putting into practice the ideal of “Planning the city with the port”. The guidelines contained herein, and the examples provided, do not claim to be complete or exhaustive. They are meant as sources of inspiration to address four major topics: spatial organisation; economic development strategies; environmental challenges, project management and governance. The guidelines are the result of the intense exchange of experiences that has taken place during the international meetings organised by AIVP these last quarter century, and of the AIVP’s constant monitoring of the implementation of development projects at the city/port interface.
City/port interfaces are complex territories where the inherent competition and complementarity between city and port play out in the face of limited spatial resources. The search for the right balance calls for solutions that guarantee a good spatial and functional mix capable of transforming and rejuvenating not only the city/port interface but also the entire territory of the port city.
- A. WHAT TO DO ABOUT THE LACK OF AVAILABLE SPACE?
- B. WHAT TO DO WITH TRANSITIONAL SPACES BETWEEN THE PORT AND THE CITY?
- C. HOW TO DEAL WITH THE ISSUES OF CONGESTION, TRANSPORTATION AND ACCESSIBILITY?
- D. HOW TO ENLIVEN AND VITALISE THE WATERFRONT?
- E. HOW TO SAFEGUARD ARCHITECTURAL AND PORT IDENTITY?
Climate change and rising water levels are a major consideration in large-scale projects for port city developers. A new approach to waterfront planning is gradually emerging, which could see the development of pioneering solutions, not just to protect the environment but as an opportunity to create new spaces.
However, planning the city with the port necessarily means optimising environmental performance. In this too, the city-port is a useful place for rolling out strategies and measures to reduce the environmental footprint, with a clear emphasis on anticipation and cooperation.
- F. WHAT TO DO ABOUT THE RISK OF MARINE SUBMERSION?
- G. HOW TO DEAL WITH THE PROBLEM OF INDUSTRIAL/PORT NUISANCES?
- H. HOW TO OPTIMISE ENERGY USE?
- I. HOW TO CONSERVE BIODIVERSITY?
ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES
The economic potential of city/port territories goes well beyond cruise business alone. It is now based around the development of new traditional or highly innovative activities, driven by the specific features of city/port interfaces. Alongside fishing, boating, etc., the creation of a more comprehensive range of tourist attractions and services is a driving factor in the area’s economic development, attracting both local visitors and tourists from further afield.
In addition to providing an opportune location for creating cultural clusters, port-city territories are also well suited to the creation of economic clusters built around maritime businesses – such as offshore wind power, recreational sailing, etc. – which currently occupy a dominant place in many port cities.
In order to succeed, however, these projects require strategies to make them possible and profitable over the long period needed to realise them.
- J. HOW TO ATTRACT RESIDENTS, VISITORS AND BUSINESSES?
- K. HOW TO FINANCE DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS AND MAKE THEM PROFITABLE?
GOVERNANCE AND PROJECT MANAGEMENT
Housing development strategies or plans to fill in dock basins can pose an irreversible threat to the future of existing port activities. One way to avoid such pitfalls involves clearly identifying the port’s current footprint and the ways in which it is likely to be altered under various port development scenarios. The findings can then be used to examine compatibilities – and incompatibilities – between port expansion or redevelopment projects on the one hand, and urban development projects on the other.
This example alone illustrates the need to consider the range of options available for urban and port (re)development, and to ensure adequate means of dialogue and consultation are in place.
In addition to this, however, the challenge is to secure the engagement of civil society, ensuring that the population properly understands and supports projects as they progress.
- L. WHAT IS THE ROLE OF STAKEHOLDERS, PORT AND LOCAL AUTHORITIES?
- M. HOW TO STEER CITY/PORT PROJECTS?
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