Interview : Henk de Bruijn, Director Corporate Strategy, Port of Rotterdam, Netherlands
(13th World Conference Cities and Ports – 20/06/2012)*
AIVP : The port of Rotterdam has recently presented its new long term vision: Port Vision 2030. What do you think are the main questions to be solved to be a successful port of the future ?
H. De Bruijn : The port of Rotterdam has set two main strategic goals for the coming decades: to become the Global Hub & Europe’s Industrial Cluster. In order to reach our goals, we see some major issues. Here, I would like to mention the need to reduce the environmental nuisance experienced by citizens living close to the port and realize a transition of the industry in the port. Related to that, the port-city relation is vital. And the major challenge lies in innovation. I believe that the port that is able to create, test and implement smart solutions to these main issues will be a successful port in the future. “Tested in Rotterdam, sold to the world” will be our motto for the coming years.
Spokesman for the Rio+20 summit of United Cities and local Governments
AIVP : During your previous intervention on the occasion of the 12th World Conference of AIVP in Buenos Aires in November 2010, you drew the attention of people responsible for the development of port cities on the consequences of climate change. What is the position today ?
RD : The situation is extremely worrying. The subject was not directly tackled in Rio, which was not a conference on climate change, however, the question is in everybody’s mind. The decision taken in Durban, in 2011, was to try to negotiate a new international agreement on climate by 2015 which would, this time, engage all the big polluters, including the emerging countries. For the ports, one of the impacts of climate warming will be the rise in sea levels. New extremely serious studies, in particular American ones, tend to show that this increase has been underestimated. We are closer today to a rise of 1.50 metres by the end of the century than the 70 cm to 1 metre previously announced. This means tomorrow. There is a considerable difference, and stakeholders in the development of port cities must absolutely already take this data into account today in the context of their investments and projects.
The French Riviera Chamber of Commerce and Industry and the Alpes Maritimes General Council in partnership with the European Cruise Council and MedCruise are organizing the 1st International Day of Sustainable Development and Passengers ships on Monday 1 October 2012 in the port of Nice.
Interview : Mario Girard, President-Director General, Port of Quebec, Canada
(13th World Conference Cities and Ports – 19/06/2012)*
AIVP : You were appointed President-Director General of the Quebec Port Authority in January 2011. After 18 months at the head of the port, how would you describe the City-Port relation in Quebec ?
M. Girard : I consider that the City-Port relation is developing strongly. When I arrived in the job, one of the first things I did as PDG was to commission a public survey to find out the level of people’s perception and knowledge about the Quebec Port Authority (QPA) and its operations. The results were very revealing. According to the survey, people were generally ill-informed about the Port of Quebec. This led to the creation of several myths which are solidly anchored in the imagination of people in Quebec. For that reason, my team and I have made the effort to meet a very large number of action groups representing as faithfully as possible all the people who live around the Port of Quebec. This activity has enabled us to re-establish the facts in several cases, and to develop new bases on which we are now consolidating our City-Port relation. This initiative has given birth to a community relations committee to ensure that the efforts we make survive over time.
The Observatory Cities and Ports of the Indian Ocean (OVPOI) covers a geographical area of 10.6 million km² containing 185 million inhabitants at the cross roads between Africa and Asia. Through its network, OVPOI wishes to contribute to the formalisation of a regional identity. The publication One ocean, many cities and ports, co-signed by Wilfird Bertile, Marie-Annick Lamy-Giner and Philippe Le Gal is included in this approach. A voyage in pictures enables the port communities of Durban (South Africa), Le Port (Reunion Island), Mamoudzou (Mayotte), Maputo (Mozambique), Monbasa (Kenya), Mutsamudu (Comores), Toamasina (Madagascar), Port Louis (Mauritius), Victoria (Seychelles), as well as those of the other members of the network to be discovered. The principal statistics on the cities and the ports complete the document.
The book is available from the Observatory: email@example.com
The 13th World Conference of Cities and Ports organised In Saint-Nazaire and Nantes from 18 to 21 June 2012 assembled 450 participants coming from 46 countries.
This new World Conference of AIVP had the ambition to take bearings on the answers brought by the stakeholders of the development of port cities to their problematics of development. The angle of approach of the city-port projects chosen this time by AIVP was that of the place of the port and of its functions in the implementation of the sustainable development strategies of the port cities and regions. Globalisation, the effects of which on cities and ports were more at the centre of the reflections over the last few years, is today perfectly digested by the territories. The participants to this latest AIVP Conference are no longer questioning themselves about globalisation but revealed the emergence of new territorial strategies and of cooperation illustrated by numerous examples: energy transition and reconversion of city and port territories; new cooperation between port activities, industrial sectors, and University and research spheres; “tailor made” governances, in particular associating the citizens…
On 4 July last a seminar entitled “Livorno Domani. Una Città portuale Europea” was held in Livorno (Italy).
As a preamble to the debates with the local community on the current projects of Livorno and their stakes, the Port of Livorno had solicited AIVP to present its outlook and its international experience. This was the occasion for Denis Davoult to retrace the evolution of city port relationships and to present some of the lessons learnt from the very recent 13th AIVP World Conference.
The Port of Quebec is playing the City–Port card
A natural deepwater port, situated on the Saint Laurent, inland in the North American continent and less than 300 km from the first locks giving access to the shipping route leading to the region of the Great Lakes, the Port of Quebec takes full advantage from its geographical position.
The year 2011 confirmed excellent results for Port of Quebec with an overall growth of traffic of 18% and the first figures for 2012 are promising. The good state of traffic in 2011 and these perspectives should contribute to encourage the necessary investments to accompany and strengthen this development.
However in the Estuary / Pointe à Carcy sector, another project is currently raising its share of debates and questionings. This is the possible development of the Bassin Louise. The questions regarding the development of this sector being especially sensitive, Mario Girard has confirmed that he wishes to take time for reflection in order to make this project “a model for good city – port relations”.
To read this Case study, go to http://casestudies.aivp.org
Interview : Wilfrid Bertile, Président, Observatoire Villes Ports Océan Indien, La Réunion
(13th World Conference Cities and Ports – 21/06/2012)
AIVP: From a geo-strategic point of view, what makes the Indian Ocean a specific territory today?
W. Bertile: There are more than 2 billion people living in the 50-odd countries which border the Indian Ocean. In addition to this demographic and political weight, it has a vital role as a transit route. On the northern edge of the ocean, the Gulf States produce 30% of the world’s oil. From there, two thirds of the world’s oil traffic plies west, to Africa and Europe, and east, especially to India, China and Japan. This ocean is also the route for traffic between southern Asia and eastern Europe. Each year half of the world’s container fleet and one third of all bulk carriers cross the Indian Ocean.Security throughout the ocean, and especially its access routes through the strategic straits of Bab el Mandeb (Red Sea) and Malacca (Malaysia), as well as round the Cape, is of vital importance. That is why the United States maintains bases in Bahrain for the VIIth Fleet and in Diego Garcia right in the centre of the ocean. France is present in Djibouti and in the south-west of the Indian Ocean. China depends on a string of bases in the north of the ocean to secure its oil supply, and India deploys forces there for the same reason and to contain Pakistan’s influence.
For a long time the question of the wastelands born from the relocation of the activities of the port, above all touched the waterfronts by the development of the city in place of the port. The environmental issue and economic development came to impose the necessity for an overall vision of the port community with all the challenges connected with “building the city with the port”. The economic crisis of 2008 and the challenges of climate change now place the port cities in the front line of a new model of sustainable and responsible growth. It is this trajectory which is retraced here, and which leads to this New Era of the Port placed at the centre of the debates and discussions of the 13th World Conference of AIVP: an urban, entrepreneurial and citizen port.
Note de synthèse Isemar (FR)
13th World Conference AIVP