The 13th World Conference of Cities and Ports organised In Saint-Nazaire and Nantes from 18 to 21 June 2012 assembled 450 participants coming from 46 countries.
This new World Conference of AIVP had the ambition to take bearings on the answers brought by the stakeholders of the development of port cities to their problematics of development. The angle of approach of the city-port projects chosen this time by AIVP was that of the place of the port and of its functions in the implementation of the sustainable development strategies of the port cities and regions. Globalisation, the effects of which on cities and ports were more at the centre of the reflections over the last few years, is today perfectly digested by the territories. The participants to this latest AIVP Conference are no longer questioning themselves about globalisation but revealed the emergence of new territorial strategies and of cooperation illustrated by numerous examples: energy transition and reconversion of city and port territories; new cooperation between port activities, industrial sectors, and University and research spheres; “tailor made” governances, in particular associating the citizens…
On 4 July last a seminar entitled “Livorno Domani. Una Città portuale Europea” was held in Livorno (Italy).
As a preamble to the debates with the local community on the current projects of Livorno and their stakes, the Port of Livorno had solicited AIVP to present its outlook and its international experience. This was the occasion for Denis Davoult to retrace the evolution of city port relationships and to present some of the lessons learnt from the very recent 13th AIVP World Conference.
The Port of Quebec is playing the City–Port card
A natural deepwater port, situated on the Saint Laurent, inland in the North American continent and less than 300 km from the first locks giving access to the shipping route leading to the region of the Great Lakes, the Port of Quebec takes full advantage from its geographical position.
The year 2011 confirmed excellent results for Port of Quebec with an overall growth of traffic of 18% and the first figures for 2012 are promising. The good state of traffic in 2011 and these perspectives should contribute to encourage the necessary investments to accompany and strengthen this development.
However in the Estuary / Pointe à Carcy sector, another project is currently raising its share of debates and questionings. This is the possible development of the Bassin Louise. The questions regarding the development of this sector being especially sensitive, Mario Girard has confirmed that he wishes to take time for reflection in order to make this project “a model for good city – port relations”.
To read this Case study, go to http://casestudies.aivp.org
Interview : Wilfrid Bertile, Président, Observatoire Villes Ports Océan Indien, La Réunion
(13th World Conference Cities and Ports – 21/06/2012)
AIVP: From a geo-strategic point of view, what makes the Indian Ocean a specific territory today?
W. Bertile: There are more than 2 billion people living in the 50-odd countries which border the Indian Ocean. In addition to this demographic and political weight, it has a vital role as a transit route. On the northern edge of the ocean, the Gulf States produce 30% of the world’s oil. From there, two thirds of the world’s oil traffic plies west, to Africa and Europe, and east, especially to India, China and Japan. This ocean is also the route for traffic between southern Asia and eastern Europe. Each year half of the world’s container fleet and one third of all bulk carriers cross the Indian Ocean.Security throughout the ocean, and especially its access routes through the strategic straits of Bab el Mandeb (Red Sea) and Malacca (Malaysia), as well as round the Cape, is of vital importance. That is why the United States maintains bases in Bahrain for the VIIth Fleet and in Diego Garcia right in the centre of the ocean. France is present in Djibouti and in the south-west of the Indian Ocean. China depends on a string of bases in the north of the ocean to secure its oil supply, and India deploys forces there for the same reason and to contain Pakistan’s influence.
For a long time the question of the wastelands born from the relocation of the activities of the port, above all touched the waterfronts by the development of the city in place of the port. The environmental issue and economic development came to impose the necessity for an overall vision of the port community with all the challenges connected with “building the city with the port”. The economic crisis of 2008 and the challenges of climate change now place the port cities in the front line of a new model of sustainable and responsible growth. It is this trajectory which is retraced here, and which leads to this New Era of the Port placed at the centre of the debates and discussions of the 13th World Conference of AIVP: an urban, entrepreneurial and citizen port.
Note de synthèse Isemar (FR)
13th World Conference AIVP
Port Louis, player in the Indian Ocean
In the context of the case studies which we carry out on the port cities of the AIVP network, we propose to you today to discover our latest number dedicated to Port Louis (Mauritius).
The port of Port Louis, which handles 99% of the foreign trade of the country, obviously plays a major role. In fact Mauritius Ports Authority are displaying optimism and the port found an upwards trend in 2010. The investments and projects undertaken over the last decade are thus bearing fruit. If the port wish to comfort their asserted ambition to become a transhipment hub, it will be necessary to develop additional capacities. The Port have thus ordered a masterplan in order to study the various options possible, and notably the compatibility between port functions and urban utilisations which could also be installed with the so-called Neotown project in a bordering zone.
This service is reserved for AIVP members, rendez vous on http://casestudies.aivp.org
To give back access to the water to the community and to create an identity for the waterfronts : two major aims underlined during the recent conference of “Waterfront Center” which was held in New York. If the Conference bore essentially on the question of public spaces and urban developments on the waterside, one of the parallel sessions also provided the occasion to rediscover a theme widely debated within AIVP, that of the “Working Waterfront”.
All presentations available on www.waterfrontcenter.org
Synthesis by AIVP : only in French
The 2011 Espo Award for societal integration was awarded on Wednesday 9 November to Ports of Stockholm for their “Port vision 2015” entry.
The thematic for this year was centred on communication strategies. AIVP, like the other members of the jury were particularly interested by the quality and scope of the approach adopted by Ports of Stockholm : a multiform and multifaceted strategy specifically addressing itself to a wide variety of targets so as to make the needs and development strategy of the port understood and accepted, but also to render more visible their actions in matters of spatial and environmental integration.
It is also a satisfaction to see once again a member of AIVP a winner, and even more that it should be Stockholm whose excellent welcome reserved for us in 2008 on the occasion of the 20th Anniversary of AIVP and our worldwide conference will be remembered by many.
Toward integrated Port City Projects
The French Federation of Urban Planning Agencies (FNAU) have published a study which inventories the innovatory practices implemented in the port cities in order to associate the respective interests of territories, of the economic stakeholders and the “new” environmental deal. Seventy French and international initiatives have been inventoried and analysed with the help of AIVP. Four sectors are examined : economy, environment, urbanism, and governance.
Download the study – (Short version aivailable in english)
In the context of a collaboration initiated in 2009, AIVP have just played an active part in the sixth edition of Greenport Conference on 14 and 15 September last. This year the work of the conference had the objective of identifying solutions aimed at reducing the impacts of port and shipping activities on the natural and urban environment. On this occasion, ESPO (European Sea Ports Organisation) presented the draft of their “Green Guide” bearing on the issues connected with the management of the quality of the air, of noise, of the water and of wastes, as well as the question of energy consumption and climate change.