Lorient (France): the Conurbation Community building rises out of the ground
Built on piles facing the sea, the location of the building on the Péristyle site will also be symbolic: this was the site of the historical birth of the city. For many years the population of Lorient had no access to the 7.5 ha site as it was occupied by the French navy. (photo © Jean Giacinto, architecte)
Full article : Le Moniteur des travaux publics et du bâtiment, 23 mai 2014, p. 34-36 ; project (+ images)
Santa Cruz de Tenerife: the port intends to create a pedestrian corridor between the cruise terminal and the city
Full article : Puertosdetenerife.org
Haderslev (Denmark): a “skate city” on the waterfront near the old silos
Full article : Designboom.com ( + images, plans)
San Francisco (USA): the Pier 70 project may be high-rise
Forest City Development proposes 1,000 flats and houses, more than 204,000 m2 of offices, and a park on part of the 65 ha site. Modifications to the current height limits could help to make changes in the project. In parallel, Orton Development will convert historic warehouses. (photo © Forest City)
Hong Kong, West Kowloon Cultural District: UNStudio team selected for a 1,200-seat lyric theatre
Full article : WestKowloon.hk
Malaga (Spain): construction of a 500-berth yacht marina under study
Full article : Laopiniondemalaga.es
Rostock (Germany): call for tenders for Bussebart
The call is for a 13 ha zone and the aim is to reconnect the city centre with a port sector beside the Warnow. A theatre will be part of the plan. Deadline: 18 June (photo © Hansestadt Rostock)
Full article : Drost-consult.de
New transport connection in Riga will reduce congestion in the port, reduce its environmental impact and include pedestrian and bicycle paths
New monitoring stations will help the port of Algeciras to assess air quality and improve the quality of life of local citizens
Education and dialogue: two crucial elements of sustainable port-city relationships
The complexity of port-city territories demands constant dialogue between institutions and citizens, supported with educational actions. This is clear for the Chilean ports of San Antonio and Valparaiso. In the case of San Antonio, the port joined the webinar “educate to create” along with municipality to explain how the port functions and its relevance for the city, where it has offered great social support. In Valparaiso, the port company requested the local universities to join the debate about the port future. In port cities like Marseille, local politicians, including the special rapporteur for maritime affairs and ports, are demanding to enlarge the port-city debate to include the citizens. In this frameworks Port Centers are crucial tools to support educational programs and citizen dialogue.
Best ways to we disclose port city culture
The port-city connection is not only economic and environmental, but also cultural. This week we have seen several ways to disclose the port city culture. One option is to collaborate with local events and institutions. The port of Dublin is cooperating with the local Festival of History in a series of online events. In other ports, like Lisbon, the port authority also collaborated with the Museo do Oriente in the framework of the European Heritage Days with free visits. In Spain, for example the port of Seville just signed a cooperation protocol with the regional heritage institute to study and protect the port’s industrial heritage. Another option is to host port days, as the port of Leixões just did, even though this year’s edition took place virtually. In a similar way, the Western Ligurian Sea Port Authority (Genoa and Savona) is preparing the 2020 edition of their port day including visits, lectures and exhibitions. Other activities to disclose port-city culture are historic pedestrian rallies, as the one from the port of Quebec, Canada. Finally, ports can also contribute to the city’s cultural life be hosting exhibitions in their historical venues, as the port of Valencia is doing.
In Europe and America, city-port integration stays on course despite the crisis
The threat of a “second wave” hanging over Europe and the severity of the epidemic in America have not cut short the process of city-port integration, which is often an effective means of tackling the crisis.
In Valparaiso (Chile), representatives of the tourist industry, the municipality and the port came together to find joint solutions involving the city, port and businesses to get tourism going again. Nor has the crisis dimmed the commitment of associations and public bodies to work together in cooperation with the port. In Long Beach (United States), the port authority has even released new funding to kick-start port-city projects of this kind.
In Europe, city-port integration projects are continuing, while economic recovery plans are being refined. In Santa-Cruz de Tenerife (Spain), the port is looking at more than 20 societal integration projects to benefit citizens, and the city is set to buy 2,500m² of port land to build an infants’ centre.
Innovation and intellectual cooperation: crucial for cutting carbon emissions in port cities
With climate change contributing to more and more instances of forests fire and flooding around the world, innovative solutions are emerging to make port and urban activities greener. In France, port authorities in Paris have commissioned a major study of river traffic and the energy transition, aimed at reducing the carbon footprint of shipping on the Seine. Meanwhile, the port of Abu Dhabi (UAE) has targeted smart solutions, with an optimisation plan that aims to halve carbon emissions from its container traffic.
Private-sector businesses have a big part to play in this global effort. In South Korea, the giants Hyundai Merchant Marine (HMM) and Samsung have joined forces to develop smart technologies that will cut atmospheric pollution from shipping.
Between the ports of Leixões and Bobadela (Portugal), food shipments will now be sent by rail to cut carbon emissions.
A collaborative effort between the Port Authority of Seville (Spain) and the Higher Council for Scientific Research, the project to protect aquatic bird life at the mouth of the Guadalquivir has been named the winner of the “2020 Environment Award”.
A “social and ecological” transition forum has been held in the port city of Rouen (France), bringing together elected representatives, businesses and academics.
African port cities invest to take up their role in food and drinkable water supply
Awareness has raised among African port cities about the role they can play in food logistics and supply. Pioneering innovation: the first fruit export by train has been carried out from Addis-Ababa (Ethiopia) to the port of Djibouti, where refrigerated containers can be shipped to European markets. This has been possible thanks to a technical aid from the port of Rotterdam (The Netherlands). An integrated railway and cold storage network (NCLN) will allow Ethiopian producers to import and export food through the port of Djibouti.
Import-export is one possibility, but local production turns out to be an essential asset to ensure food supply. Port cities have a card to play, as in Kribi (Cameroon) where a “Green belt” will be developed around the port to produce vegetables and daily life food for the city.
Born from sea water, port cities have also a role to play in drinkable water. In Douala (Cameroon), the port has created a company to produce and distribute drinkable water. The CEO of the port has ensured of its support to the city in case of water shortage. A “refreshing” cooperation!
The port of Abu Dhabi (UAE) is acquiring MICCO Logistics to strengthen its multimodality and integration in air-conditioned hangars and freight networks, especially for food shipments.
A new concept in the form of a vacuum cleaner that collects plastic has won an innovation competition in Antwerp (Belgium). The machine can be used to clean natural sites in the port zone and the Escaut estuary.
Industrial risks: in the wake of the Beirut explosion, how can port cities improve their industrial safety?
The tragic accident in Beirut did much to focus minds. Port cities around the world are investing massively to make their logistical and port operations safer.
In Rouen (France), which saw a major fire at the Lubrizol plant last year, serious discussions and pollution clean-up efforts are under way to allow the company to resume its industrial activities safely.
Around a hundred kilometres away, in Le Havre, citizens are taking part in a public debate about planning rules and industrial safety. One district located in the port zone is exposed to technological risks, and its residents are keen to discuss the situation with the local authorities.
Outside Europe, strong measures are being taken to improve industrial safety. In Dakar (Senegal), the national authorities and the Port have removed all of the ammonium nitrate present in the area. A new inspection process has also been adopted, applicable to all hazardous products arriving at the port. In the same vein, in Chittatong (Bangladesh), stocks of hazardous products that have been abandoned are now systematically destroyed to eliminate the risk of accidents.
Wave power in Viana do Castelo (Portugal). The new facility will include R&D, Manufacturing and Service Centre for Wave Energy Converters.
The Port of Huelva (Spain) and the Government of Andalucía have joined forces to develop a port and logistics innovation hub
New project led by Port of Rotterdam to foster hydrogen powered trucks by 2025 in central Europe. The project has the potential of reducing 100k tons of CO2 per year. This initiative is aligned with the 7 “building blocks” for the port of the future recently published by the port of Rotterdam.
Public investment and financial aid in port cities
After the first wave of cultural and social initiatives, port cities around the globe are presenting their plans for the post-covid recovery. The Maritime and Port Authority of Singapore has communicated a package of $27 million of financial support for companies, as well as for professionals training and employment support. In the USA, the ports of LA and Seattle have presented renewed infrastructural investments plan. In the case of LA, the port will invest $367million to reduce the impact on the local economy and employment, while in Seattle the plan includes $1.5billion in 20 projects, including also airport facilities. At the same time, in Spain, the ports of Valencia and Bilbao have followed a similar path. While in Valencia the port presented a financial aid package of €57,2 million to support local port companies, the port of Bilbao announced that their investment plan for 2020 will reach €67 million, to support the economy and employment creation.
The sustainable port is both smart and collective
The CEOs of the ports of Antwerp and Rotterdam have laid out converging visions for the future development of their respective ports, one having just returned from the World Economic Forum, the other speaking about in an interview about forward-looking prospect for the port. Both agree that the fight against climate change and the need for a carbon-neutral port economy are absolutely crucial. Technological innovation, both onshore and offshore, and moves to optimise logistics chains, will of course form part of the solution. Beyond that, however, the success of these changes will depend on the ability of ports to forge new partnerships and work collectively, by bringing their communities together around a shared process of transformation.
➜ Port of Rotterdam / Flows