Raunheim (Germany): a pedestrian and bicycle bridge designed by Schneider + Schumacher at the entrance to an industrial port
Full article : Designboom.com (+ images)
Hualien (Taiwan): a recreation area in the port
Three warehouses dating from the Japanese colonisation are to be converted for recreational and business use. The surrounding areas will also be reconfigured. This decision to diversify and create a sector for tourist use was incorporated into the Taiwanese port development plan for 2007-2011.
Montreal (Canada): the silos are still waiting. The latest project is to turn them into a huge data storage centre
Full article : Le devoir.com
AIVP participation in the launch seminar of the “Rivers of Opportunities” project – Gdansk (Poland) – 13/15 March 2014
This project, supported by the European Commission, brings together 11 partner organisations of the “River//Cities” network. The main point for debate: how to make culture a tool for redynamising public spaces on waterfronts, and what strategies to use to attract the public? (Photo © Aivp)
The City of Gdansk was one of the members of the European project “Making the City with the Port”, for which the scientific coordination was provided by AIVP. A visit to the old naval dockyards and a debate on “Young City Gdansk” programmed on this site also formed part of the seminar agenda. So it was also a chance to have new discussions with them and to discover on the ground how the port city interface projects have evolved. We will report on this in a second article.
From public to audience: move from being a passive consumer to an active participant
The members of the “Rivers of Opportunities” project take part in the organisation of cultural presentations in public spaces, particularly waterfronts. These events may be on different scales, from a single spectacle to the organisation of a big festival, such as the Vienna festival which has run for 30 years and involves multiple presentations over 7 km, or the Thames Festival which attracted some 800,000 spectators to London over a single weekend in 2013.
But whatever the scale, the organisers all agree that the main question is how to attract and hold the public in a world saturated with the production of images and with huge numbers of offers, a world where people often don’t have the time or don’t know how to fit things in. For them, the question therefore is not to increase the number of visitors, but rather the quality of the relationship achieved with the public: transforming the passive spectator, the passer-by who merely consumes by visiting an exhibition, a concert, etc., into an active participant!
Creating a new relationship with the waterfront
Organising such cultural activities in public spaces, particularly waterfront sectors, is also a way of creating new relationships between the public and these sites. Among the examples given, let us quote two from Gdansk: exhibitions under bridges or in certain parts of the river banks have allowed these very specific sites to be discovered – or rediscovered; and the “new port city wanderings” initiative, which has made certain urban sectors in the north of the city more familiar to the city’s inhabitants and their children.
In more global terms, the cultural event appears as a strong action to enable visitors and citizens to re-appropriate spaces charged with history, such as old industrial or port-industrial sites, spaces sometimes with a very sensitive past.
Here we come across a dimension which has often been addressed within AIVP in our debates on the redevelopment of port city interfaces: culture as a means for re-appropriating waterfronts. It may allow re-appropriation once a conversion has been completed, but it may also be a strategic tool during the often long drawn-out transformation of such sites: creating cultural events becomes a means of getting the public used to coming to sites under transformation, and also of responding to a certain impatience among citizens with a project which does not seem to be progressing, or at any rate not fast enough. Culture again appears as an essential strength for redynamising the port city and for improving the quality of life of its inhabitants.
Savannah (USA): Plant Riverside, a waterfront redevelopment project centred on a converted power plant
Full article : southeast.construction.com
Frankfurt (Germany): the European Central Bank building on the river bank designed by Coop Himmelb(l)au has been completed
Full article : Arcspace.com
Port-city interfaces, an opportunity for a different kind of tourism
For Stella Kostopoulou the redevelopment of waterfronts should be based on creative industries and on cultural teams and events to offer “creative” rather than mass tourism. This strategy will help to re-dynamise the economy while offering a new quality of life to city inhabitants and visitors.
“On the Revitalized Waterfront: Creative Milieu for Creative Tourism” – Stella Kostopoulou, 25 octobre 2013
Rouen (France) to recycle its grain silos
The port of Rouen and the Sénalia group have finally selected the “Silographes” project designed by R-architecture. The 62 Sénalia silo units, which mark the Rouen skyline, will be integrated day and night by a large number of mirrors and a moving light display. (© R-Architecture)
Paranagua (Brazil): creation of work groups to address problems of port terminal access and urban mobility
Full article : Porto e navios.br
Copenhagen (Denmark): cruise ship capacity on NordHaven to be increased this May with 1 km of wharf and 3 terminals
Full article : MaritimeDenmark.dk
Technological challenge proposed by the Port of Algeciras (Spain) wins the “Fiware Zone” contest, hosted by the region and telecommunication company. The challenge will focus on innovative technology for environmental impact data.
City and Port work together in Livorno (Italy) to clean the “New Venice” district canals
New initiative for community dialogue in Bahía Blanca
The Port of Bahía Blanca (Argentina) has started the new online participative forums “Puerto Abierto” to establish new dialogues with the local community. The first meeting included representatives from the agricultural and food sector. The goal of the forums is to debate and align the expectations and needs from the local community with the actions of the port authority. The dialogue will be structured in three phases: diagnosis, discussion of ideas and starting the agreed projects. The participants of the future debate sessions will include representatives from the academy and scientific sector, business organizations, workers, environmental, and cultural initiatives. The final result will be a new strategic plan built from the social agreements.
Protecting biodiversity: Education and positive environmental effects
Port cities host a rich biodiversity. Protecting it can bring associated positive effects, besides the obvious ones. In Tarragona (Spain), the green areas policy of the port authority is showing excellent results. These areas must reduce the water footprint, promote the biodiversity and mitigate the CO2 emissions. The port has focused on the reforestation of degraded spaces and replacing water intensive plants for others more adapted to the Mediterranean climate. Every year, these areas neutralize 1500 tons of CO2 and provide shelter for endangered species such as bees. In Ceuta (Spain), the Port Authority supports the local Sea Museum (Museo del Mar), that is responsible for studying, protecting and disclosing the local biodiversity. This institution publishes several books and magazines promoting the results of their research, for example on the impact of ships on whales and dolphins. The museum also organizes educational activities and leads projects to include coastal areas in the European networks of protected natural reserves. Additionally, it is responsible for a unique facility, the “pudridero” a facility to preserve the carcasses and collect the bones to study and learn about marine animals.
Port Cities supporting the food production sector
The crucial role of port cities in food logistics is well known, but they can also be relevant in the production, particularly of seafood as one project from Valencia (Spain) shows us this week. The salinity, nutrients and location of nurseries in port waters are excellent for the production of clòtxina valenciana (Mediterranean Mussel). In the case of Valencia, the yearly production reaches 1200 tons. The quality of the water is guaranteed by the port authority and the mussels are controlled by the regional authorities to guarantee that they are safe for consumption.
South American Port Cities continue fighting the Covid-19
With the threat of the second wave of contagions grows in many countries, in South America, port city actors continue their solidarity actions to reduce the effects of the Covid19. The port of Valparaiso (Chile) continues to support the local community, with donations of equipment to the local hospital and food to disadvantaged collectives. In the meantime, in San Antonio (Chile), the port community lead by the port authority has sponsored a new laboratory to obtain faster test results. In Buenos Aires (Argentina), the port authority has extended the subsidies to concessionaries to reduce the economic impact of the crisis.
Port and City work together in Ceuta to improve the air quality.
The Talcahuano (Chile) Logistic Community (Comlog) will deploy an agenda oriented towards community relations and sustainability.
Referendum in Key West (USA) to decide the future of cruises
The citizen non-profit organization “Key West Committee for Safer Cleaner Ships” has successfully gathered enough signature to call for a referendum in November’s ballot. The referendum will include three questions:
1 – limit the number of pax disembarking to 1,500/day;
2 – ban ships with more than 1,300 pax;
3 – prioritize cruise lines with the best environmental and health records.
This initiative arrives in a critical moment, when the industry is debating when the activity should restart. At the same time that some companies announce national or regional cruises, for example in Italy or Germany, the control institutions of some countries such as the USA, extend the “No Sail Order” for all cruise ships. AIVP hosted a webinar dedicated to cruises last June, and will retake the debate after the summer period, framed under goal 9 of the AIVP Agenda 2030, considering the health and life quality of port city citizens.
More Port Cities are focusing on Biodiversity protection
Two excellent projects focused on preserving or restoring the natural biodiversity: In Rouen (France), the Port Authority HAROPA, has developed between 2017 and 2019 a project to restore the wetlands connected to the Seine river in Sahurs. The new structure and water canal allow the tide to reenter the area and recover the natural environment of the estuary. In 2020 the port authority planted flora improving the integration of the site in the landscape and installed educational panels. In Bahía Blanca (Argentina), the Marine Wildlife Rescue Station has helped more 115 animals from 15 different species, over the past two years, since it was created. This facility is the result of the cooperation of the port authority of Bahía Blanca with several environmental organizations.
The Port of Huelva (Spain) and the Government of Andalucía have joined forces to develop a port and logistics innovation hub
New project led by Port of Rotterdam to foster hydrogen powered trucks by 2025 in central Europe. The project has the potential of reducing 100k tons of CO2 per year. This initiative is aligned with the 7 “building blocks” for the port of the future recently published by the port of Rotterdam.
Public investment and financial aid in port cities
After the first wave of cultural and social initiatives, port cities around the globe are presenting their plans for the post-covid recovery. The Maritime and Port Authority of Singapore has communicated a package of $27 million of financial support for companies, as well as for professionals training and employment support. In the USA, the ports of LA and Seattle have presented renewed infrastructural investments plan. In the case of LA, the port will invest $367million to reduce the impact on the local economy and employment, while in Seattle the plan includes $1.5billion in 20 projects, including also airport facilities. At the same time, in Spain, the ports of Valencia and Bilbao have followed a similar path. While in Valencia the port presented a financial aid package of €57,2 million to support local port companies, the port of Bilbao announced that their investment plan for 2020 will reach €67 million, to support the economy and employment creation.
The sustainable port is both smart and collective
The CEOs of the ports of Antwerp and Rotterdam have laid out converging visions for the future development of their respective ports, one having just returned from the World Economic Forum, the other speaking about in an interview about forward-looking prospect for the port. Both agree that the fight against climate change and the need for a carbon-neutral port economy are absolutely crucial. Technological innovation, both onshore and offshore, and moves to optimise logistics chains, will of course form part of the solution. Beyond that, however, the success of these changes will depend on the ability of ports to forge new partnerships and work collectively, by bringing their communities together around a shared process of transformation.
➜ Port of Rotterdam / Flows
To ease congestion on the roads, the Port of Melbourne (Australia) has confirmed plans to develop its rail infrastructure (with a €16 million investment)
Kribi (Cameroon): first 31 businesses now setting up in the port zone, with another 150 set to follow.
Vlissingen – North Sea Port (Netherlands): first developments for the Borsele 1+2 offshore wind farm that will eventually provide power to a million homes
Major trends and scenarios for the evolution of logistics
In the majority of port cities, logistics activity is increasingly structuring the territory. Marking out the future of this sector is becoming necessary. To this effect, the Urban Planning Agency of Marseille (France) remind us of a few key points. The massification of world trade flows will continue leading to the concentration of shipowners, the adaptation of ports, the extension and robotisation of warehouses, the emergence of single operators. In the era of e-commerce, the optimisation of the last mile has also become crucial. Nevertheless, land transport remains the weak link in this ecosystem with difficulties in massifying flows and proportionally a heavier CO2 impact. Pooling could be part of the answer but not all sectors believe in it. At the heart of these developments, the issue of employment appears to be an additional challenge for the territories.
Rwanda: Four ports on Lake Kivu earmarked as an alternative to road transport
Lake Kivu in western Rwanda marks the border with the neighbouring DRC. The four ports will be built with the help of the Netherlands, and spread out from the north to the south of the lake. They will promote improved mobility for passengers and goods between the various districts along the bank. Within twenty years, they should handle the majority of commercial cross-border trade and some 3 million passengers. The Government is also keen to use the ports as a platform for more ambitious plans to kick-start water-based transport on other lakes and rivers in Rwanda. The aim is to reduce the use of onshore transport infrastructures, maintenance of which represents a significant portion of the national budget. Finally, the project will help to boost competitiveness for both the food industry (beer, tea, coffee) and the cement industry, while also giving a lift to the tourist sector.