International collaboration: the Port of Bombay will benefit from Barcelona’s know-how in Port-city relations
Source : Port de Barcelona
Works launched (170 M€) on the tunnel to diversify access to the Port of Bremerhaven despite the controversy
Source: Radio Bremen
Ports of Paris: urban integration of port infrastructure, and development of green urban logistics.
Source : NPI, oct 2013, pp 8-10
Legal protection for the ports of the State of Victoria (Aus) against urban encroachment and to favour port-city coexistence
More than 23 billion dollars are generated by port activity. The creation of port zones with simplified planning tools will allow the ports of Victoria to ensure their growth prospects.
Source: State Government Victoria
Smart Cities 2013: the 10 most sustainable and innovative cities in North America are almost all port-cities!
Source : Fastcoexist
A new model for financing urban infrastructure works
The funding capacity of local and national public institutions is falling, while the world’s infrastructure investment needs will increase by 60% by 2030. To respond to this challenge and attract long term investors this study proposes the establishment of a partnership based on a new mode of assessing urban infrastructure works.
New York, Williamsburg waterfront: higher tower-blocks and more public spaces on the Domino Sugar Refinery site
Aarhus: the port to have a belvedere in the shape of an origami work in 2014. Designed by Dorte Mandrup Arkitekter
Innovative or traditional, all approaches are welcome for sustainable port cities
Port cities around the globe are developing different projects to reduce the negative externalities of port activities. In Spain, the port of Valencia just received the government approval to build an electric substation with a capacity of 30 Megawatts, giving a first step towards its goal of becoming a carbon-free until 2030. Also in Spain, the port of Barcelona has launched a free sustainability consultancy service for its end costumers, helping them know the emissions of logistic chains and facilitate the decision making towards greener transportation. Other promising field of study is blue carbon, or the process by which marine plants capture carbon and transfer it into sediments. The port of Seattle (USA) will collaborate with Washington State departments to study the benefits of this procedure. Finally, another way to reduce the polluting emissions is to avoid them at all, supporting carbon-free transport, such as wit, like the port of Le Havre is doing in the project TOWT – Transport à la Voile.
Port Cities of San Antonio and Valparaíso show their commitment with local community
Both leading Chilean ports have deployed several key actions in recent weeks to support workers, children and small business owners. As we saw in previous newsletters, drawing contests have been a popular measure to entertain children and keep the contact with the port. Almost 600 children participated in the competition organized by the port of Valparaíso with the local art museum. In a similar way, the port of San Antonio is inviting children aged 6-13 to participate in their competition “draw your port from home”, co-organized with the local newspaper. From a social perspective, both ports have extended their support during this crisis. They have continued with sanitation actions and helped port workers with food packages and vaccination campaigns. Additionally, the port of San Antonio also decided to significantly reduce the rent for local craftsmen with shops in the waterfront.
9th edition of the port research award launched in Tarragona (Spain). This prize is opened for researchers in social sciences that have done investigation in port history.
Port of Talcahuano reinforces its commitment with gender equality. The port will be the first public company of Chile to ratify the national NCh 3262 Gender Balance, Reconciliation of Work, Family and Personal Life.
River transport: an alternative for eco-mobility. General manager of French Waterways (VNF) defends a modernization of the waterways to meet the challenges of sustainable logistics, since 1 barge in the Seine river could equal to 400 trucks in the periphery.
Cleaning program for the Oslo ‘s Fjord shows positive results. The continued monitoring shows that the water and soil is cleaner, and new fauna is establishing itself in the seabed. This is the result of a coordinated work between port, city and other urban agencies.
Port of Seattle develops a virtual Maritime Career awareness program for high school students. The program will educate teenagers about careers in the port and maritime industry.
The fight against Covid-19 continues in Chilean Port Cities
In past newsletters and interviews we have seen the major port cities of Chile, San Antonio and Valparaíso, have been very active against the effects of the Covid-19 in the local communities. Other smaller ports are also playing an important role to protect workers and citizens. In Arica, the port authority installed an isolation unit for workers that may have been infected. In Puerto Ventanas, the port organized a webinar about house hold measures to prevent the spreading of the coronavirus.
Spanish ports against the Covid-19
In Spain, the port of Cartagena has announced an investment of €100k for educational, cultural, sanitary and social projects close to the port environment. Also in Spain, the Port of Barcelona also announced that it will activate the maximum investments to accelerate the post Covid-19 recovery, prioritizing those considering the social, environmental and economic criteria. The Port of Santander has also decided to concede the Embarcadero Palace for solidarity action, from the regional food bank. In Valencia, the Port’s solidarity organization has also increased its actions, responding to the social demands, focusing on food donations. Finally, in the cultural agenda, the Port of Tarragona organized two online events, the “Un mar de peixos” and “Quiz”, including hands and crafts activities and competitions with children, and a quiz to celebrate the 20th anniversary of the port museum in the international days of Museums.
Economy and social support continues in Port Cities
As in previous weeks, we are increasingly seeing new economic support programs for port companies, to protect employees. The Port of Venice announced that it will allow the suspension of the fees for all companies that operate in its territory, besides the terminal operators that were already protected by previous initiatives. In other countries like USA, the port of Corpus Christi has given a subsidy to a non-profit organization to provide micro-loans for small companies in the county. In France, HAROPA (Port Authority of Le Havre, Rouen and Paris), has released a port-Covid-19 support program to help companies to re-launch their activities. On another level, the port of Rotterdam in the Netherlands, is focusing on crew’s mental health. The Port Authority and Deltalinqs is encouraging the support to organizations active in the field. As mentioned in the previous newsletter, the situation of seafarers is becoming dramatic due to the delay of crew changes.
Public investment and financial aid in port cities
After the first wave of cultural and social initiatives, port cities around the globe are presenting their plans for the post-covid recovery. The Maritime and Port Authority of Singapore has communicated a package of $27 million of financial support for companies, as well as for professionals training and employment support. In the USA, the ports of LA and Seattle have presented renewed infrastructural investments plan. In the case of LA, the port will invest $367million to reduce the impact on the local economy and employment, while in Seattle the plan includes $1.5billion in 20 projects, including also airport facilities. At the same time, in Spain, the ports of Valencia and Bilbao have followed a similar path. While in Valencia the port presented a financial aid package of €57,2 million to support local port companies, the port of Bilbao announced that their investment plan for 2020 will reach €67 million, to support the economy and employment creation.
The sustainable port is both smart and collective
The CEOs of the ports of Antwerp and Rotterdam have laid out converging visions for the future development of their respective ports, one having just returned from the World Economic Forum, the other speaking about in an interview about forward-looking prospect for the port. Both agree that the fight against climate change and the need for a carbon-neutral port economy are absolutely crucial. Technological innovation, both onshore and offshore, and moves to optimise logistics chains, will of course form part of the solution. Beyond that, however, the success of these changes will depend on the ability of ports to forge new partnerships and work collectively, by bringing their communities together around a shared process of transformation.
➜ Port of Rotterdam / Flows
To ease congestion on the roads, the Port of Melbourne (Australia) has confirmed plans to develop its rail infrastructure (with a €16 million investment)
Kribi (Cameroon): first 31 businesses now setting up in the port zone, with another 150 set to follow.
Vlissingen – North Sea Port (Netherlands): first developments for the Borsele 1+2 offshore wind farm that will eventually provide power to a million homes
Major trends and scenarios for the evolution of logistics
In the majority of port cities, logistics activity is increasingly structuring the territory. Marking out the future of this sector is becoming necessary. To this effect, the Urban Planning Agency of Marseille (France) remind us of a few key points. The massification of world trade flows will continue leading to the concentration of shipowners, the adaptation of ports, the extension and robotisation of warehouses, the emergence of single operators. In the era of e-commerce, the optimisation of the last mile has also become crucial. Nevertheless, land transport remains the weak link in this ecosystem with difficulties in massifying flows and proportionally a heavier CO2 impact. Pooling could be part of the answer but not all sectors believe in it. At the heart of these developments, the issue of employment appears to be an additional challenge for the territories.
Rwanda: Four ports on Lake Kivu earmarked as an alternative to road transport
Lake Kivu in western Rwanda marks the border with the neighbouring DRC. The four ports will be built with the help of the Netherlands, and spread out from the north to the south of the lake. They will promote improved mobility for passengers and goods between the various districts along the bank. Within twenty years, they should handle the majority of commercial cross-border trade and some 3 million passengers. The Government is also keen to use the ports as a platform for more ambitious plans to kick-start water-based transport on other lakes and rivers in Rwanda. The aim is to reduce the use of onshore transport infrastructures, maintenance of which represents a significant portion of the national budget. Finally, the project will help to boost competitiveness for both the food industry (beer, tea, coffee) and the cement industry, while also giving a lift to the tourist sector.
Whether fixed or floating, offshore wind power is now becoming truly industrialised. Cooperation between ports will need to be strengthened as a result.
Port of Montreal (Canada): fluid activities vital for combining economic efficiency and respect for the local population
The transport and logistics industry faced with the environmental and energy challenge
The sector currently accounts for 25% of the world’s greenhouse gas emissions. Energy efficiency is one of the biggest ways to cut emissions. While there is a consensus on the need to gradually phase out fossil fuels, LNG is seen as a stepping stone, while in the longer term, making the right choice between hydrogen, ammonia and biofuels remains a key challenge. Another way to reduce emissions is intermodality, with the aim of reducing the proportion of goods moved by road, and increasing short distance transport by rail, river and sea. Finally, innovating for more efficient logistics is the third solution. The aim is to reduce overall energy use, while ensuring that emissions avoided at sea are not simply moved onshore, particularly as a result of increased congestion in port cities.