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Urban Port

19 June 2013

Regensburg: A riverside museum

The German firm Woerner und partner has won the competition for the design of the Museum of Bavarian History. One of the main challenges was to integrate the modern building into a sensitive and historical urban context and to recreate the link between the old town and the river Danube.
Source : Nemetschek-Allplan ; Woerner und partner  (+ images)

19 June 2013

Aarhus: The “Canal Houses” project

ADEPT and Luplau Poulsen have been chosen for the building of a 15.500 m2 housing project in the port of Aarhus.  “Canal Houses” will complement their other project “Harbour Houses”, which has just begun construction.  The project will comply with environmental 2020 standards.
Source : Arch Daily (+ images)

 

19 June 2013

Seattle: Old containers transformed into homes by the architect Kai Schwartz

Source : Seattle Times

19 June 2013

Integrating the Port and the City of Rijeka onto the international scene: the Rijeka Gateway Project

In the 1990s the necessity to stop the steady decrease of Port of Rijeka traffic volume imposed a new strategy and development plans to re-boost and ensure the competitiveness of the Port of Rijeka.
The Rijeka Gateway Project is now entering in a decisive implementing phase. The Port and the City of Rijeka are both AIVP members since many years. M. Vojko Obersnel, Mayor of Rijeka City, discussed with us the main stakes and challenges of this project and how it will enhance the attractiveness of the Port and the City, giving to the Port City of Rijeka a new role on the international scene.

Based on a study prepared by the consultants of Rotterdam Maritime Group, the new Master plan and Port Modernisation Project – The Rijeka Gateway Project – got the support of The World Bank through a series of loans which were granted between 2003 and 2009. The partial relocation of port activities out of the city centre makes room for new urban developments on the waterfront and, in parallel for a new quality of life for the whole city.
The Rijeka Gateway Project is now entering in a decisive implementing phase. The Port and the City of Rijeka are both AIVP members since many years. M. Vojko Obersnel, Mayor of Rijeka City, discussed with us the main stakes and challenges of this project and how it will enhance the attractiveness of the Port and the City, giving to the Port City of Rijeka a new role on the international scene.

AiVP: The Rijeka Gateway Project has two main port components: on the Western part of the port with the new development of the port facilities at Zagreb Pier, and on the East with the redevelopment and expansion of the Brajdica Container Terminal. A design and construction contract has been signed in April 2012 with Italian companies for the first phase of the Zagreb Pier Container Terminal. ICTSI, which became a majority shareholder in the concessionaire of the Brajdica Container Terminal in early 2011, has begun its upgrading.
M. Obersnel, as many other port cities around the world, the Port of Rijeka is now engaged in a redevelopment on itself. This one combines a rationalisation of the existing port areas and uses, with their partial expansions. Could you summarize which are the main aims of these two projects, the current state of their implementation and their schedules?

M. Obersnel, Mayor of Rijeka City:

Rijeka within the Pan-European Transport Corridors

Briefly, the Rijeka Gateway Project will revive and promote the importance and the effectiveness of the Rijeka Transportation Route within the European Union and hinterland outside of the EU. At the same time, this is a transportation route of great national importance. Between Rijeka and the Croatian-Hungarian border, it fosters life and economical activities and involves somehow more than 2.5 Million people located in the most developed Croatian counties and cities. Honestly, we are fully aware that, excluding highways, the other two components of this transportation route, the port and the railways need to be modernized, radically and fast if we want to keep pace with other traffic axes. So, the Brajdica Terminal, which is completed and by beginning of July this year it should be in full function, gives us a chance to enhance the container turnover yearly up to 600,000 TEU.  After the 1st phase of construction by 2017, the Zagreb Pier Terminal will help to raise the yearly turnover of containers through port of Rijeka to more than 1 Million TEU.

The construction of the second phase of the Zagreb Pier Terminal can additionally enlarge total port capacity up to 1.2 Million TEU; however this phase will depend on future concessionaire. Apart from the containers, our port will mark a remarkable turnover of liquid cargo (5-8 Million tons yearly), general and bulk cargo (4-5 Million tons yearly). Summarizing all these facts, I would say that the final aims refer not just to reviving the transporting role, but also to provoking the transformation impact on the Croatian economy, by attracting new investments and developing new technologies.

On the 20th May 2013 a large ship from China reached the Adriatic Gate Container Terminal – AGCT, an ICTSI Group Company, managing and operating the Brajdica Container Terminal in Rijeka. The ship brought new equipment: 10 new cranes (2 Post Panamax size quayside gantry cranes, 6 Rubber Tired Gantries (RTG – cranes for the storage area) and 2 Rail Mounted Gantries (RMG – cranes for the rail area). The new equipment is expected to be in full function by the beginning of July 2013.


And, the newly constructed BIP (Border Inspection Point) station, as a prerequisite for Croatia to join the EU as from July 1st onwards; all cargo of animal or vegetable origin which is imported into the European Union has to be inspected within the port(s). The presence of BIP station at AGCT will enable Rijeka to be the first Port of Call on the North Adriatic.

AiVP : The current port activities, and the planned ones, are quite close to the City. Which negative impacts of the previous port activities will be minored or even cancelled thanks to the new port developments? And which integration measures are planned to reduce the possible remaining negative impacts?

M. Obersnel: The urban renewal of the Delta AreaThe most important improvement will happen within the city centre. After removing certain port facilities, the urban renewal of the Delta area and the Baross Port will be enabled. However, the activities of the container terminals will eventually bring some negative impact related to noise and  light, which have already caused complains from citizens who live in the vicinity of the Brajdica Container Terminal, as it is located pretty close to the residential areas.

We have resolved some of the bad impacts, such as the lighting. The monitoring system will soon be activated, so we intend to have the full control over the situation and the possibility to influence the work process in order to avoid conflict situations.

AiVP :  One of the objectives of the Rijeka Gateway Project is to re-open the city to the sea. Cities and Ports around the world are often confronted with the problem of physical barriers (highways, railways, etc…) between the city and the sea. In Rijeka, a marshalling yard and railways used for the port activities constitute such a barrier. But railway is also a more sustainable transport mode for port activities.
Which solutions are considered to solve such a dilemma and to combine opening the city to the sea while preserving sustainable transports for a port traffic that is planned to increase?

Implementing of modern criteria in the reconstruction of the railway and port inffrastructure

M. Obersnel: The best and the final solution for the railway connections in Rijeka will be the new railway bypass. Unfortunately, the present economic situation forces us to look for other, easier and cheaper solutions. One of such solutions is giving up the shore railway (we plan to use it for the city railway), and the other solution refers to the reconstruction of existing railway crossing the city area. By implementing the modern criteria in the reconstruction of the railway, conflicts with the urban area should be avoided. This means that the conflict crossings of the railway with the roads and pedestrian corridors will be resolved as well as the problems of noise, vibrations etc.
The railway should be used also for public transportation. The parts of railway that are visible in the urban area and citizens’ access spots (as it will become a city railway) should be arranged as attractive as possible. We think that such measures can break the idea of the railway as a barrier.

AiVP : On the Western port, some warehouses will be demolished and other ones rehabilitated for new port functions. But the existing huge grain silos are also a visual and physical barrier between the City and the Sea. It was envisaged to have them demolished and rebuilt 15 kms away in a new port zone. Is that still planned? Does their reconversion to urban functions has also been considered initially?

M. Obersnel : To demolish the grain silos or to rehabilitate them – the question is still open. The solution will resolve from the development policy of the Rijeka port systems. We have to be open and admit that these questions are not our priority. The core of our interest lies in the fastest possible modernization of the railway and the construction of new specialized container terminals. However, when tackling the interventions with gradual effects, we cannot refrain from giving services to handle other types of cargo.

AiVP : Between the Eastern and the Western part of the Port and the City, the Delta / Porto Baros areas is the third component of the Rijeka Gateway Project. These areas were used for port activities (mainly for the handling and storage of timber) until the middle of 2012. Their relocation to other parts of the port makes room for a new Port/City interface. 17 ha are concerned of which 13.7 ha for urban development, 1.8 ha for a marina and 2.2 ha for public infrastructures and parks.
The project includes the construction of a new passenger terminal within the existing passenger pier. It will enhance the attractiveness of Rijeka as a passenger port. Which are the expected growth in the passenger traffic and the possible economic impact on the City?

Maritime Passenger Terminal

M. Obersnel : The first phase of the maritime passenger terminal has already been constructed at the breakwater foot. Unfortunately, the seasonal character of travelling, the shortage of connection lines between Rijeka and the islands in catchment area as well as other cities along the Croatian coast, has been affecting us by a decreasing trend of passengers during last four years.  So, our important task is to make our Port more attractive to cruise operators, and also to keep on requesting from the Ministry of the Maritime Affairs, Transport and Infrastructure of the Republic of Croatia to significantly enhance the local sea traffic.

AiVP : Which kind of passenger terminal is planned? A “mono-functional one” solely dedicated to port functions or is there a possibility to implement a facility mixing port and urban functions (shops, restaurants, views, public spaces, etc…) as we can observe now more and more in other port cities?

M. Obersnel : We have in mind a passenger terminal that involves both, the content of a passenger terminal and the contents dedicated to citizens and visitors. Moreover, the Terminal is situated next to the Baross Port and its contents should be interesting also to the nautical tourist. Generally speaking, the urban redevelopment project will show additional directions for the development of contents on the Passenger Terminal and in its vicinity.

Delta Area

AiVP : The possible guidelines and requirements for the development of the Delta & Porto Baros areas have been prepared by Cowi Consultants and Gehl Architects from Copenhagen, Denmark. They suggested a division in three districts: a park district on the Northern part, the closest to the city centre; a maritime district on the South directly opened to the sea and connected to the marina planned on the Baros zone; and, in-between, an urban district. A large part is reserved for free spaces as the total building volume is limited to 40% of the whole area (1.2 million m³).
Could you summarize which are the main components of the planned built facilities and how they will complement the existing ones of the city centre?

M. Obersnel : I have to partly correct the initial context of your question. In their study, Cowi Consultants and Gehl Architects just followed a land use of Delta area and Baross Port envisaged by the Physical Plan of the City of Rijeka, approved in 2003. The mentioned Plan divides the Delta area into two main portions: the northern, envisaged to be arranged as a City park, encompassing 4 ha of land between the river and the canal, and the southern portion of 12 ha approx., located also between the river and the canal, but open to the sea and directly connected with Baross Port, with stunning views on the Rijeka bay, the islands, the mountains and the rest of the city. This portion of the Delta area is recognized as a mixed use area with a combination of residential and business area, retail, services, public, hotel and facilities of all kinds.
The interface with the marina and its facilities should bring a new identity and add something unique that does not already exist in the city. The structure within the Delta Area should be of a new character and not a copy of existing city structures. But, due to worthy and recognizable existing city centre, the Delta area should in the same time be developed as an extension of the city centre. Precisely, the old part of the City centre and the new one has to pervade each other and function as a whole. The public interest would be represented by a new multifunctional hall, an aquarium and a variety of public areas (squares, streets, promenades, sidewalks, etc).

AiVP : Two landmark buildings could be constructed according to Gehl Architects: one in the “urban district” and the other one in the “Maritime District”. Which kind of equipment could be used and for which functions?

M. Obersnel : Usually, the landmarks are iconic buildings in terms of height, design, position, typology and/or similar properties. We have not already précised which buildings and how many of them have to be designed and developed in such a way, which also emerged from our concept of urban planning and architectural design. Namely, the first step will be the launching of public competition for urban design of the Delta area and Baross Port at the beginning of June and will last till the beginning of October 2013. This competition will be of international character, but under one condition: the architects and urban planners from outside of Croatia can participate if they would engage at least one Croatian architect.  Further developers are expected to be selected through international bidding procedure next year, and they will be obliged to develop the site in accordance with the best of entries from the previous competition. So, in direct negotiation between the City, the developer and the public opinion, we also expect to define the landmarks.

Urban Design of the Delta Area and Baross Port

AiVP : Gehl Architects has also suggested a phasing strategy aimed at developing first the facilities which could attract people and visitors on the redeveloped areas with the double objective of generating revenues and attracting private investors and partners for the following stages. Such a strategy could be considered in other port cities projects and will be of great interest to the members of AIVP. Could you explain it further?M. Obersnel : The (re)development in phases is acceptable due to many reasons. We are fully aware that at this moment the Baross Port could be converted into a marina very quickly and without big expenditures. But the final proposal of phases will reflect a real relationship between the specific investors’ expectations and the real estate market respond.

AiVP : To conclude, such projects are of course a long way process, sometimes generating some impatience from the citizens and partners. Even that is still an on-going project, which are the main lessons you can emphasize till now and which are your main expectations in the close future?

M. Obersnel : The citizens are impatient, indeed, and so are the experts, which are not to be forgotten, because the Delta urbanization project is recognized as a project of the century and as an opportunity to create new jobs and to realize the best achievements in urbanism, architecture, public space arrangement. The future investors and developers should also be aware of this. Many examples in the world confirm my words and show that similar principles had to be obeyed.
The Delta Area should inspire the city with new life and good vibrations. The new attractions in the area should add value to the existing city life in Rijeka and support the already progressing development of other city functions (university, port, green industries, etc.) in order to constitute the city as to become more attractive for new citizens who will choose Rijeka as a temporary or permanent place to live.
The city of Rijeka has a desire for an identity related to water, events, health, sport, culture, nature and food. Rijeka has a strong potential for practicing a natural way of living with beaches, mountains and walking tracks. In relation to other towns and cities in the region, Rijeka can offer unique cultural activities. In developing the Delta Area, these identities could be reached and even expanded.

The Delta area will soon receive a new identity


The Port Authority of Rijeka and Rijeka City

are members of AIVP

Download – Rijeka Case Study

18 June 2013

Oslo, waterfront: Green light for the Munch Museum

The green light has finally been given to plans to move the Munch Museum four years after the selection of the project proposed by Herreros Arquitectos and following protracted discussions over both the merits of moving the museum and over the cost of the operation. The new museum on the waterfront plans to open its doors in 2018.
Source : The Art newspaper

18 June 2013

Puerto Pampa, Buenos Aires: Old cold-storage warehouse in the “Arts district” to house a new real estate project

Source : Clarin

10 June 2013

Cherbourg: heat pump installed in the port’s commercial basin supplies 1,300 homes

Source : Le Monde

Citizen Port

14 November 2019

The port of Barcelona (Spain) advocates for sustainable mobility promoting LNG as alternative fuel, new electric vehicle fleet or electrifying quays for onshore power supply.

El canal marítimo y logístico

13 November 2019

The Port Center of Algeciras (Spain) will be located in a multifonctional building at the City Port interface

Ya Noticias

12 November 2019

North European ports committed to reduce air pollution and noise of docked vessels.

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In the past few days we have seen several initiatives following a similar trend: providing on-shore power to docked vessels to reduce emissions, mostly CO2, nitrogen and sulphur oxides, and noise, affecting the health of local citizens.
In Germany, the federal minister and coastal states have signed a memorandum including different measures to make shore-based power commercially viable. Among the measures are reducing levies and a program of subsidies to improve the port infrastructure. At the same time, the port of Tallinn, in Estonia, has announced that it will install shore power facilities to reduce the emissions and noise of docked vessels. The equipment will be ready by the end of the year, with further expansion in 2020. The port expects to save 120 tonnes of CO2 per ship per month. The Copenhagen Malmo Port has signed an agreement with ferry operator DFDS to establish a shore power facility in Copenhagen, to become operational in 2020.
A recent study from the European Environment Agency’s (EEA) shows that in 2016 air pollution caused over 400 000 premature deaths. The measure of these port cities are positive examples of the actions that can be taken to comply the AIVP Agenda 2030, “Improving living conditions for residents of port cities and protecting their health”.

EEA ; Port of Hamburg ; Port of Tallinn ; Copenhagen Malmö Port ; El Vigia ; Port of Stockholm

30 October 2019

The Ocean Cleanup organization launched “the Interceptor”, an autonomous boat to tackle plastic pollution in rivers. Two prototypes are already working in Jakarta (Indonesia) and Klang (Malaysia)

The barge uses a floating barrier that guides the litter to a conveyor belt extracting the garbage from the water. The debris is distributed into six internal dumpsters with capacity up to 50 m3. When the barge is full, the local operators recibe a signal to collect it and take the garbage to a waste management facility. The barge includes several solar panels, making the system also energy neutral. This kind of solutions can considerably improve the water quality in many port cities, contributing to goal 9 of the AIVP Agenda 2030.

Full article: The Ocean Cleanup

30 October 2019

The South African International Maritime Institute (SAIMI) hosted the Forward Thinking for Maritime Education and Training Excellence Conference to discuss the new skills development and entrepreneurial opportunities offered by the blue economy and the 4th industrial revolution. The underlying discussion was the need to speed up the creations of jobs in the ocean economy, to reach the targets of the Operation Phakisa, launched in 2014, to expand the blue economy

Full article: Global Africa

30 October 2019

Natural habitat created by the Port of Tilbury as compensation measure for new distribution park becomes wildlife relevant site for insects and invertebrates

Full article: Forth Ports , Greenport

30 October 2019

The Port of Strasbourg offers new guided tours responding to the success of previous visits during the European Heritage Day. The tours will take place on November 6th

Full article: Batorama

28 October 2019

Port of Seattle joins partners to develop the “Maritime Blue Innovation Accelerator”

Port of Seattle partners up with co-working company WeWork and Washington State cluster Maritime Blue to create Maritime Blue Innovation Accelerator, a new start-up incubator. The main goals are to help maritime companies to innovate, be more sustainable and establish Washington State as a global leader in maritime economy. These programs are crucial to foster human capital development for the future port city economy. There are already similar solutions in Rotterdam, Hamburg or Singapore.

Full article: Port of Seattle, Maritime Blue

28 October 2019

Port of Valencia launches the SuperLabPorts, a platform to support innovative port and maritime start-ups in the field of climate change

Full article: Esmartcity

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Enterprise-driver Port

13 November 2019

Inter-business cooperation: La Ciotat (France) aims to strengthen its naval cluster to boost competitiveness

Le Marin

13 November 2019

Clean marine fuels: Maersk set to test bioethanol, with the carbon footprint of LNG still difficult to estimate.

Flows / Lloyd’s List

12 November 2019

Is the future of ports set to be increasingly circular?

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Two recent studies have examined the theory. In Rotterdam, all flows of raw materials and waste were identified for businesses in the port zone. The aim now is to optimise the way residual flows are processed, with potential for environmental, economic and social benefits. A second report focusing on European circular urban ports mapped out eleven port cities, using a standardised methodology. For each of the cities studied, which included both river and sea ports, the report identified best practices and summarised the strategies adopted.

Port of Rotterdam / Circular City Ports (pdf report)

30 October 2019

Strasbourg wants to rely on river transport for more sustainable urban logistics.

Since May 2018, a terminal has been set up at the Quai des Pécheurs in the heart of the metropolis for the needs of a construction site. The City wants now to go further today and is calling for projects to make this terminal a platform for low-carbon urban logistics. The terminal shall operate on a daily basis in perfect harmony with other urban and tourist uses of the waterway. This project is part of the Strasbourg climate plan. Full article: VNF / NPI

30 October 2019

Climate: global groups like Nike or H&M are, like some major shipping companies are, refusing to use the Arctic route.

Full article: Sea Trade Maritime News / Flows

30 October 2019

Following the study by Deloitte, the ports of Antwerp and Zeebrugge set a two-years deadline to lay the foundations for a possible merger.

Full article: Port of Zeebrugge / Flows 1 / Flows 2

30 October 2019

The ports of Duisburg and Liège rely on intermodality to take advantage of direct rail links with China.

Full article: Marine Link / Flows

28 October 2019

Plastic waste: Malaysia negotiates the return of almost 300 containers of waste to their countries of origin.

Full article: Marine Link

28 October 2019

Marseille: in addition to cold ironing projects, cruise industry operators are committed to cutting ship sailing speeds

Full article: L’Antenne

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