Toronto: landscape architecture for tomorrow’s city
Toronto’s population continues to grow and high rise buildings are springing up all over the city. To counteract this, the authorities are implementing a global strategy to preserve the quality of life. Landscape architecture is at the heart of this strategy, particularly along the waterfront.
Source : Huffington Post
London: refurbishment of the marina in the three basins of St Katherine’s Docks
Bordeaux: super-yachts and watersports for the “Bassins à flot”. Integration with residential building to be discussed
WORLD SYSTEMS, a new approach to maritime traffic in the development policies of port cities
In the context of research projects into the dynamics of port cities, AIVP would like to draw its active members’ attention to the World Systems project. This project, financed by the European Union to the tune of one and a half million euros, began in March 2013 and will go on for 5 years. The World Systems project is under the scientific responsibility of César Ducruet, CRNS (French National Centre for Scientific Research) researcher and member of AIVP’s network of experts.“The World Seastems project aims to map and to analyze the changing spatial pattern of the world economy across 300 years from a maritime perspective. It will exploit untapped vessel movement data on a world scale since 1734, date of the first publication of Lloyd’s List. Such data offer disaggregated information on weekly inter-port flows with detailed descriptions of vessels as well as their dates of departure and arrival at world’s ports. Despite the vital importance of maritime transport for economic development and international trade, no research has been done on the long-term evolution of the global maritime network. There are three main goals of the project.
First, it will map for the first time the spatial distribution of almost 300 years of maritime flows in a dynamic and interactive manner. A geomatics visualisation platform will also integrate advanced analytical tools to simplify the pattern of shipping routes and corridors, and to extract meaningful information from the original data, with both scientific and pedagogical outcomes. Second, the project will look at the topological and spatial structure of the global network of inter-port links with reference to graph theory, social network analysis, and complex networks. The global properties of the network can be compared with general models of networks, while the evolution of macroscopic measures will be explored in relation with wider structural and conjectural changes in the world system (e.g. conflicts, revolutions, crises, territorial reconfigurations) in terms of network expansion, shrinkage, concentration and polarization. Internally, the search for tightly connected substructures (i.e. clusters, communities of ports, économies-mondes) will focus on the emergence of world regions and regional integration processes. Finally, we will examine the co-evolution of maritime flows and urban/regional development and compare the growth trajectories of port and non-port cities based on their situation in the combined sea-land network.
In a multidisciplinary fashion, the project questions both the contribution and the resilience of port activities and shipping routes to the transformations of the world system and economy from the local level to the global level. It will provide novel results about world systems theory, network theory, and location theory. ”
Debate between leaders of the cruise ship industry and port-cities
AIVP followed with much interest the work of the conference organised by the Cruise Europe association, which held a meeting for its members in Le Havre on 23, 24 and 25 April this year. More than one hundred delegates involved in the development of the cruise ship business in port-cities, from a score of countries in Northern and Western Europe, took part in the conference.The port-city as an economic adjustment variable?
The cruise operators represented among the speakers (Holland America Line, Celebrity, Carnival, AIDA…) testified to the good health of the cruise market in Northern and Western Europe, while stressing the difficulty of ensuring that the business remains profitable economically. The cost of fuel and port costs were mentioned to explain this apparently paradoxical situation. The direct and indirect costs associated with calls at European ports were once again vigorously denounced by the lines’ representatives. The question of the balance sought between passenger expectations of an attractive and comfortable programme of calls on the one hand, and the companies’ demand for maximum profitability on the other, is necessarily delicate. In the search for this financial balance, companies see the choice of the port-cities at which they call as an adjustment variable. These port-cities therefore have a strong incentive to offer conditions for ship calls which meet the companies’ strategic demands. For a start, every port-city must know how to negotiate a win-win partnership, while understanding that it is more and more difficult to make the most of the profits to be earned from their geographical situation in a context of strong competition between ports which are ever better equipped for cruise ship calls.
In search of authenticity
The structure of each cruise and, naturally, the question of the calls and the excursions available, were central issues in the debates. To reduce the variable costs of their operations, the companies look for new circuits which are linear rather than loops; passengers therefore embark and disembark at different ports. Moreover, slow steaming, already extensively used by cargo vessels, is an increasingly common practice among cruise ship operators. Steaming speeds at sea have been falling steadily for several years to save fuel. As a result of this, ports of call cannot be too far apart in order to optimise passage time, which is the least expensive for the operator and can generate the best profits for companies through consumption of the services offered on board. In the port of call, the companies are careful to ensure that the terminal is close to the city centre, and that good road infrastructure exists for day excursions. Failing that, the offer of launches (free of course!) by local players is naturally appreciated.
The quality of the excursions offered, the level of on-shore reception and the interest of each port of call contribute to the reputation and success of the cruise, and therefore of the company. For the cruise ship operator, novelty, authenticity and exclusivity are values which are sure to guarantee a satisfying “repeater” rate among passengers, who are also encouraged to recount their “experience” on the internet and social networks. For European cruises, this indirect marketing strategy is proving particularly successful.
It is hard to say who is winning this game in which port-cities and cruise ship companies try not to be first to blink. The strong market dynamic is sufficient to keep everybody happy for the moment: the companies who are permanently refining their economic model, the port-cities who are polishing their images and can expect substantial economic benefits, and finally the passengers, who every day are offered more, at more competitive prices. However the equilibrium is fragile and the importance of the role played by the industry’s professionals in each port of call should be stressed. In a few years, they have become essential points of contact for the companies and the first to encourage the formation of local “cruise clubs”. A great advantage of meetings like this is that it brings them together and allows them refine the strategies of their own port-cities.
Kengo Kuma: the Japanese architect builds culture into the old river port at Besançon (France)
The recently inaugurated “City of the Arts” at Besançon brings together the FRAC (Regional Fund for Contemporary Art), located in an old brick-built warehouse, with a new building housing the Music Conservatory. The public esplanade serves the whole ensemble, creating a link between city, art and the river.
Source : Kengo Kuma And Associates ; Le Moniteur
Shanghai : un 3e terminal passagers pour faire face à la croissance du trafic croisière
Malaga: “El Palmeral”, a development which reinforces port-city integration, wins an architecture award
Virtualisation of cruise terminal information systems in Venice
“Venezia Terminal Passageri” hopes that their investment will reduce considerably the risks associated with a breakdown in computer systems, which could potentially cause an interruption in services and a loss of data with disastrous consequences for the company.
Source: La Repubblica
Copenhague: inicio de las obras para la construcción del Centro Nacional de Arquitectura diseñado por Rem Koolhass
El Centro se implantará en el emplazamiento de una antigua cervecería donde también se prevén oficinas y viviendas. Dicho centro permitirá vincular el centro de la ciudad con el frente costero histórico y el barrio cultural de Slotsholmen.
Source : OMA ; Cyber Archi
The fisherman’s wharf (Muelle Pescadores) of Bahía Blanca (Argentina) will be refurbished by the Port Authority to improve the working conditions of the fishing community and welcome visitors.
The port of Port of Trois-Rivières (Canada) supports local artists by acquiring the Hommage au Saint-Laurent collection of canvas artworks.
How to improve the water quality while protecting the biodiversity?
Water quality is one of the priorities in port cities and there are many ways to improve it. In the Balearic Islands (Spain), the Port has deployed an innovative system to collect marine waste that includes a catamaran powered by solar energy, a semi-rigid hybrid boat and a modern electric drone to reach the most inaccessible areas. Nature-based solutions are also possible, as it is visible in the port of Gothenburg (Sweden), where the port planted eelgrass beds. These serve as protection for several fish species, while at the same time help to improve water quality and protect beaches from erosion. It is also necessary to monitor closely the quality of the water for submarine species. One positive example of this is the port of Ceuta (Spain) that is promoting the Sentinel Stations project in the port area through marine biological indicators, such as microalgae, sedimentation or the concentration of micro-plastics.
Innovative mobility in port cities: logistics, waterbuses and bus stops
French water transport is increasingly relevant in construction site logistics. Key stakeholders, including HAROPA and the municipality, are collaborating to promote river logistics for the Olympic Games of 2024 in Paris, including the construction of the Olympic village. In Strasbourg (France), 6 tonnes of paving stones have been delivered for the first time using barges and bicycles took place, reducing the impact of construction material logistics. Innovative logistics also concerns passengers, such as the new waterbuses in the Province of South Holland, since 6 will be hybrid and 3 electric. User’s experience is one of the key aspects in public transport, as it is clear in the new self-sufficient bus stops financed by port authority of Algeciras (Spain). The new canopies include solar panels to power the lighting and will allow the user to charge its phone while waiting for the bus.
Online debate about port city heritage organized by Venice Port
In the framework of the European Project REMEMBER, the port of Venice is organizing an online event on the 24th of November at 10:00 (CET) entitled “Cultural heritage as a driver of port cities’ sustainable development”. This online talk, will include the intervention of the Special Commissioner of Venice Port, Mr Pino Musolino, UNESCO’s assistant director, Mr. Ernesto Ottone Ramírez; Prof. Carola Hein and AIVP’s International Project Manager José M P Sánchez to share ideas about Port Centers. The project REMEMBER is focused on making natural and cultural heritage a leverage for sustainable and more balanced territorial development. Several AIVP members are involved, including the ports of Venice, Trieste and Dubrovnik.
National Institute of Social Services and Port Authority sign an agreement in Bahía Blanca (Argentina) to strength the bond of the elderly with the city and the port with new actions.
Solidarity in the Vieux Port of Montreal (Canada). The Port will help the homeless in the Grand Quai with shelter, meals and health service.
➜ La Presse
The quest for innovation of the Port of Algeciras, member of AIVP, rewarded by a European prize
The 2020 edition of the ESPO awards for social integration of ports focused on innovation strategies and capacity of ports to attract start-ups into its ecosystem. The online award ceremony took place last week, recognizing the good work done by the Port of Algeciras (Spain), particularly the “the Innovation Journey” project. This project is part of a broader innovation strategy that will help the port to exceed its traditional roles as a landlord, and turn it into a business and efficiency partner. It will contribute to the port-city relationship, by creating new jobs for the local population. This broader strategy is complemented with a physical facility that will include a Port Center.
The other 3 finalists were the Port of Amsterdam (The Netherlands), Puertos del Estado (Spain) and Port of Lisbon (Portugal), all AIVP members as well. Their projects included respectively the Prodock, an innovation hub focused on circular economy, the Ports 4.0 Fund, a national program to foster open innovation in the port-logistics ecosystem and the Ocean Campus, an ambitious plan for the waterfront creating an ecosystem of excellence in RD&I, bringing together researchers, entrepreneurs, main companies, academics and experts in the sea-related field.
AIVP was part of the jury evaluating the project, as it has been since the first edition of the award.
Citizens invited to express their opinions in Saint-Malo (France). The region of Brittany is hosting a consultation process including physical meetings and online tools.
[Correction]: in our previous newsletter, we wrote in the article “Wood pellets, natural gas and wind power: how port cities are renewing their energy mix” that a field of offshore wind turbines was being installed in St-Brieuc. In fact, the turbines will be installed in Brest, and the parts were being delivered from St-Brieuc.
In Sète (France), cold ironing facilities will be installed by Enedis within two years
➜ Le Marin
Mozambique and Malawi sign a deal to strengthen rail freight to Mozambique’s ports
Danish shipping line Maersk says no to LNG and “megamax” ships of more than 20,000 TEUs
➜ Le Marin
The “Port of the Future” will first and foremost be an “integrated” port
The flagship theme of the European “Docks The Future” project, which culminates this week, the “Port of the Future” concept appears to combine digital innovation and the energy transition. On the digital side, in Barcelona (Spain), a consortium that includes the port authority along with IBM, Vodafone and Huawei, is set to develop 5G services. In the same vein, Singapore’s maritime authority is funding eleven projects that are intended to speed up the digitisation of the shipping industry. Meanwhile, on the energy side, a string of initiatives are aiming to reduce carbon emissions. A floating offshore wind hub is set to be created in Cromarty Firth (Scotland), while in Agadir (Morocco), solar power is being harnessed with a “solar caravan”. To each their own resources! Yet UNCTAD is most concerned with highlighting societal integration, particularly in Valencia (Spain), where the port foundation has provided strong support to SMEs during the crisis. Citizens’ aspirations are looking to a greener “port of the future”, whereas a shock survey by Yale University and Climate Nexus (USA) shows that a majority of Americans are ready to change their habits to support greener shipping.
A new transhipment terminal for food industry products is to be built in Seattle (United States)
In Antwerp (Belgium), “BoxCatcher” technology is enabling smart container management using mobile rail-mounted cameras
New containerised coastal shipping line between the ports of Kribi and Douala (Cameroon): decarbonising infra-regional transport?
Wood pellets, natural gas and wind power: how port cities are renewing their energy mix
LNG, one of the keys to cleaner maritime shipping, is undoubtedly experiencing a rapid rise in popularity, and a new LNG terminal is due to enter service soon in Livorno (Italy), after 24 months of work. On the other side of the world it is a similar story, with Johor (Malaysia) now fuelling vessels with LNG. However, electricity seems to be the way ahead when it comes to reducing onshore carbon emissions. Wind turbines, highly efficient in coastal areas, have been targeted by the port of Zhuhai (China) which has acquired stakes in two companies specialising in wind power. Offshore turbines offer another solution, as in St-Brieuc (France) where work on construction of a farm of 62 turbines continues, with the necessary parts currently being delivered from Brest. Older technologies also remain important, the oldest among them being none other than wood! A Norwegian company based in Oslo supplies the city of Rotterdam (Netherlands) with pellets, which combust relatively cleanly and generate large amounts of energy.