From 2022, ships being repaired will also be a show in Hamburg (Germany)
Measuring 209 m, “Dock 10” will be the biggest covered floating dock in Europe. Its walls and roof will be mostly transparent, allowing members of the public to see the repair work being carried out on ships docked there. The roof will enable workers to carry on with their work regardless of the weather conditions, while noise and exhaust gases should also be reduced.
How can areas be made attractive while undergoing redevelopment?
We have reported regularly on projects being carried on Marseilles’ waterfront and city-port interface area. Urban redevelopment covering 310 hectares began in 1995, with an additional 170 hectares added in 2007. Projects of this scale are naturally carried out over a period of time. The challenge is to ensure that the areas concerned are attractive to residents and visitors, even before their redevelopment is complete. This is a commonly raised issue for many of you. To address it, Euroméditerranée, the body in charge of the waterfront redevelopment in Marseilles and a member of AIVP, launched “MOVE” in late 2018, an invitation for expressions of interest in four newly available sites. The aim was to use the sites as a testing ground for temporary projects developed on themes such as solidarity, economy, collaboration, culture or civic responsibility. A short list of 11 projects was drawn up. Following discussions, the list of projects was fine-tuned, and some were merged together. Ultimately, four projects were selected. All will be installed in consultation with Euroméditérranée, and will remain in place for between one and four years. This is a fascinating temporary initiative designed to provide residents with a high-quality city-port interface, and we will be monitoring it closely.
The Port of Essaouira (Morocco) is restructuring to better integrate its fishing activities and shipyard with the tourist vocation of a heritage city
Controversy around Associated British Ports’ plan to demolish an Art Deco port building in Southampton (UK)
Are “sponge cities” our future?
By 2050, coastal areas will be home to 1.4 billion people and 570 cities, some of them vast megapolises, will be at threat from rising water levels, according to the international network C40. Extreme climatic events will only serve to exacerbate the risk of flooding, to which our port cities are increasingly exposed. In the course of the monitoring we carry out on your behalf, we are increasingly seeing the development of strategies inspired directly or indirectly by the “sponge city” concept. The aim is to restore the ground’s natural capacity to absorb water, a capacity that has been largely lost in our cities as a result of urban development, and the use of concrete and asphalt. The main solutions adopted include using porous materials, creating floodable green spaces, restoring wetland areas, and also treating and storing water for re-use during periods of drought. Chinese port cities are among the first cities to have opted for this approach, along with some major industrial groups such as Suez (a member of AIVP), which is helping Chongqing (China) along this path to becoming a resilient port city.
A floating, carbon-neutral office building set to be built in a dock in Rotterdam (Netherlands)
The three-storey building will house the headquarters of the Global Center on Adaptation (GCA), which works on measures to adapt to climate change. A whole range of solutions have been included to make the building self-sufficient and carbon-neutral: all-wood construction, green roof with solar panels, dock water used for air-conditioning, etc. The solutions are not only in line with the GCA’s own purpose, but can help all port cities to meet goal number 1 of the AIVP 2030 Agenda. The building is due to open at the end of 2020 in the Rijnhaven dock.
Work to develop a promenade and park on the San Pedro waterfront has been launched by the Port and City of Los Angeles (USA)
The consortium that will design the 2050 master plan for sustainable development of a 42 hectare site on Brisbane’s south bank (Australia) has been named
Cruise ships transformed into hospitals for Coronavirus patients
The cruise sector has been at the center of several negative news during the corona crisis. However, it can also be part of the solution and positive news. In the past days several major cruise lines and ferry operators like MSC, Carnival or Moby have offered several ships to be transformed into emergency hospitals, releasing the pressure from land-based hospitals and healthcare systems around the globe. The most concrete example of this measure is taking place in Genoa, Italy. MSC proposed that the MSC Opera cruise ship and three ferries from GNV (Superba, Suprema e Splendid), a company they own, could be transformed in just 10 days. In this action MSC collaborated with the region, the municipality, RINA (certification company) and the port. The first case has been the Splendid, already prepared to host the first 25 patients that have overcome the most serious phase of the COVID-19 but must remain in isolation. The ship could potentially up to 400 hospital beds and a reanimation and intensive care unit in its hangar. This operation shows other side of cruises and the capacity to cooperate of port city actors in crisis situations.
Open Innovation Challenge for green logistics and sustainability organized by the Thinkport Vienna (Austria). Ideas can be submitted until May 17th on the three main topics: Location of inland ports in energy, logistics and innovation; services for urban logistics and cities; and connectivity exploring waterways as supply routes.
The Clean Production Agreement (Acuerdo de Producción Limpia) of the Logistic Community of San Antonio (Chile) achieves excellent results after two years. 100% of the companies in the community are monitoring the sustainability indicators and 73% of them have reduced its carbon footprint.
The port of La Rochelle (France) celebrates its 130 anniversary inviting locals to share their stories about the port and displaying historical documents. The port also welcomes in the port house the « Le tour de La Rochelle en 52 tableaux » from Allan Stephens.
Plastic Whale: a company in Amsterdam (The Netherlands) is “fishing” for plastic in the city’s canals and transforming it in furniture and boats.
Generating clean energy from the wave movement in Valparaíso (Chile)
Since the beginning of March 2020, the new prototype BAM II will be tested in the Barón Pier of the Chilean port city. The new machine, developed by Maestranza Diesel and Asmar with the support of the port authority, could generate up to 3 kW. This is the second prototype from the same consortia, replacing the first one installed in late 2018. One of the main advantages of this new system is that it does not causes any negative impact on the environment since it does not use any fuel, nor produces any emissions. At a larger scale it could be a proper solution of green energy along for isolated companies or communities along Chilean coast. Several companies are currently exploring the movement of waves as a potential source of clean energy, like Eco Wave, making port cities a crucial area for the energy transition.
Citizens from Valencia (Spain) can now explore the port’s archives in a new digital platform
The port of Valencia has joined forces with Microsoft and ENCAMINA to develop PUBLICARME, a new digital tool to explore the historical archives of the port. This new platform includes more than 10 000 historical documents from the mid-19th century until the 1940s. PUBLICARME uses artificial intelligence to read the text from the documents and improve the research process. Additionally, the platform also establishes connection between the content of the document, speeding up potential investigations. The digital copies will be stored in a cloud system, guaranteeing the safety of their content beyond the paper’s integrity. PUBLICARME recently received the @asLan award for digital transformation. Port archives are cultural resource yet to be explored in most port cities. The port of Dublin (Ireland) has also invested in disclosing its archives and is planning a new facility. Lisbon, in Portugal, inaugurated last year a new building with the archives of its port and Setubal, in Barreiro. These initiatives facilitate the contacts of local citizens with port culture.
Culture and Students in the port
School visits and cultural events remain one of the main activities to bring younger generations to the port. In the case of Setubal (Portugal), the School Project of the port authority brought more than 750 students in 2019 from schools all over the country. The port of Tarragona (Spain) is intensifying the its cultural program with the occasion of its 150th anniversary including visits and the refurbishment of the port museum. On February 28th was the main institutional event, gathering 800 persons from the port community, companies, region, municipality, but also the neighbours. Last year, was the turn of the port of Barcelona and Trieste to celebrate the 150th and 300th anniversary, respectively, also with an intense cultural program for the citizens.
Amsterdam’s water canals are becoming cleaner. The famous canal boats are being converted to use electric power, reducing the emissions. At the same time, the port authority has launched a floating battery service to bring electric power to provide clean energy for the port and the city.
The sustainable port is both smart and collective
The CEOs of the ports of Antwerp and Rotterdam have laid out converging visions for the future development of their respective ports, one having just returned from the World Economic Forum, the other speaking about in an interview about forward-looking prospect for the port. Both agree that the fight against climate change and the need for a carbon-neutral port economy are absolutely crucial. Technological innovation, both onshore and offshore, and moves to optimise logistics chains, will of course form part of the solution. Beyond that, however, the success of these changes will depend on the ability of ports to forge new partnerships and work collectively, by bringing their communities together around a shared process of transformation.
➜ Port of Rotterdam / Flows
To ease congestion on the roads, the Port of Melbourne (Australia) has confirmed plans to develop its rail infrastructure (with a €16 million investment)
Kribi (Cameroon): first 31 businesses now setting up in the port zone, with another 150 set to follow.
Vlissingen – North Sea Port (Netherlands): first developments for the Borsele 1+2 offshore wind farm that will eventually provide power to a million homes
Major trends and scenarios for the evolution of logistics
In the majority of port cities, logistics activity is increasingly structuring the territory. Marking out the future of this sector is becoming necessary. To this effect, the Urban Planning Agency of Marseille (France) remind us of a few key points. The massification of world trade flows will continue leading to the concentration of shipowners, the adaptation of ports, the extension and robotisation of warehouses, the emergence of single operators. In the era of e-commerce, the optimisation of the last mile has also become crucial. Nevertheless, land transport remains the weak link in this ecosystem with difficulties in massifying flows and proportionally a heavier CO2 impact. Pooling could be part of the answer but not all sectors believe in it. At the heart of these developments, the issue of employment appears to be an additional challenge for the territories.
Rwanda: Four ports on Lake Kivu earmarked as an alternative to road transport
Lake Kivu in western Rwanda marks the border with the neighbouring DRC. The four ports will be built with the help of the Netherlands, and spread out from the north to the south of the lake. They will promote improved mobility for passengers and goods between the various districts along the bank. Within twenty years, they should handle the majority of commercial cross-border trade and some 3 million passengers. The Government is also keen to use the ports as a platform for more ambitious plans to kick-start water-based transport on other lakes and rivers in Rwanda. The aim is to reduce the use of onshore transport infrastructures, maintenance of which represents a significant portion of the national budget. Finally, the project will help to boost competitiveness for both the food industry (beer, tea, coffee) and the cement industry, while also giving a lift to the tourist sector.
Whether fixed or floating, offshore wind power is now becoming truly industrialised. Cooperation between ports will need to be strengthened as a result.
Port of Montreal (Canada): fluid activities vital for combining economic efficiency and respect for the local population
The transport and logistics industry faced with the environmental and energy challenge
The sector currently accounts for 25% of the world’s greenhouse gas emissions. Energy efficiency is one of the biggest ways to cut emissions. While there is a consensus on the need to gradually phase out fossil fuels, LNG is seen as a stepping stone, while in the longer term, making the right choice between hydrogen, ammonia and biofuels remains a key challenge. Another way to reduce emissions is intermodality, with the aim of reducing the proportion of goods moved by road, and increasing short distance transport by rail, river and sea. Finally, innovating for more efficient logistics is the third solution. The aim is to reduce overall energy use, while ensuring that emissions avoided at sea are not simply moved onshore, particularly as a result of increased congestion in port cities.