Phase 2 of the Euroméditerranée project in Marseilles (France): moving towards a resilient city
Euroméditerranée has signed a framework agreement with the firm Leclercq Associés, partnered with Setec, to act as urban planning and design consultants for specific districts concerned by this vast development project. They will look closely at strategy on housing and public spaces. The wider aim is to design what could be the sustainable Mediterranean city, one capable of meeting the challenges posed by climate change. AIVP members will no doubt want to keep a close eye on the process and the resulting solutions.
(Euroméditerranée and Setec International are both AIVP members).
A creative district at Liverpool Docks (UK)
The old warehouse district of Ten Streets, in the north of Liverpool, are set for a new lease of life with artists’ workshops and new spaces for cultural businesses. Already a number of events have been held there, and one of the warehouses is now home to a market dedicated to art, fashion and furnishings. Two other redevelopments are planned at either side of the creative district, in the Liverpool Docklands: the Liverpool Waters programme, and 550 residential units to be built in Stanley Dock Tobacco Warehouse.
The Port of Dakhla (Morocco) set to be redeveloped for yachting and passenger activities
➜ Le 360
Audio guides to (re)discover the history of various places in Puerto Madero, the redeveloped district in Buenos Aires (Argentina)
International call for tenders to design a business district in an abandoned waterfront district in Thessaloniki (Greece)
Morocco’s National Ports Agency launches a study aimed at opening up the old port of Safi and integrating it more effectively into its urban environment
➜ Le matin
New urban uses on the Seine in Paris (France): a floating psychiatric hospital
Hydrogen in port cities: new project could save up to 1 million tons of CO2 per year
The quest for new energy sources to replace fossil fuels is accelerating. Although many ports have already created the first systems for LNG (Liquefied Natural Gas) for ships, many argue that hydrogen could be the ultimate solutions for the energy transition. The most recent project joining this chase has been announced in the port of Oostende (Belgium). A consortium formed by the port authority, DEME Concessions and PMV plans to build a new plant to produce green hydrogen using renewable energy. The plant would save between 500k and 1 million tons of CO2 per year. The project also includes an offshore wind farm including 399 turbines with a total capacity of 2,26 GW. Other port cities in Europe are also developing different initiatives in the same direction. The port of Antwerp, also in Belgium, already ordered tug boats and passengers ferry using hydrogen technology. Hamburg (Germany), announced last year its plans to build the world’s largest hydrogen electrolysis plant in port, with a capacity of 100 megawatts. The port of Valencia (Spain), is also active in this field, with the project H2PORT, including port equipment powered by hydrogen. However, we cannot forget there is no silver bullet for the energy transition. This ambitious goal will require diversifying our energy sources and optimizing our consumption.
Five community groups will benefit from environmental grants from the port of Seattle
Local schools supported by the port of Kribi (Cameroon)
Innovative mobility in Málaga (Spain). Driverless buses will connect the cruise terminal with the city center circulating inside the port. The municipality will invest 180 000 € on a new traffic light system for the future autonomous vehicles.
Ports implement Smart lighting to become more sustainable
Many ports worldwide are changing their illumination solutions for new technology that is more energy efficient. The port of Helsinki (Finalnd) deployed during 2019 their new system that is easier and more flexible to use. This system facilitates a smarter management, saving euros and CO2. Now the port terminal lighting is automated and can adapt better to the different usage of the space. In the Port of Bilbao (Spain), the new lighting system saves up to 50% of the energy from the previous one. The new LED technology and smart management system is more flexible and has also improved the comfort of the workers. The port of Gijón, also in Spain will receive new financing to improve the lighting, following the same scheme. In the case of Lisbon (Portugal), on the main terminal recently changed as well to LED lighting system, saving up to 13 426 kg CO2 per year. We can find examples worldwide such as the case of Vancouver (Canada), where new industrial facilities in the port also implementing new systems using LED and movement sensors. Or the case of San Antonio in Chile, where the new headquarters of the port will save up to 44% of its energy demands for lighting. These initiatives may not be as revolutionary as other complex projects introducing new fuels or energy sources, but they are gradually implementing energy savings and reducing the carbon footprint of the ports.
Geothermal energy investigation proceeds in the port of Rotterdam (The Netherlands) with the permit from the Ministry of economy
New project gathers 6 European port cities to look Artificial Intelligence solutions towards carbon neutrality
Running in the terminals. The port of Veracruz (Mexico) presents the third edition of this race, where citizens get to know the port.
“Buoyant Ecologies Float Lab” a new type of resilient coastal infrastructure
Women leading ports
Fighting the general idea that ports and the maritime sectors are male-dominated worlds, more and more women are stepping up in positions of power. Several important ports such as Barcelona in Spain, Lisbon and Porto in Portugal, Montreal in Canada, San Diego in USA or Transnet ports in South Africa have female presidents. Recently, the port of San Antonio (Chile) welcomed its new vice president Ms. Joanna Davidovich. At the same time, Ms. María de la Rosa Hermoso became the new director of the port of Talcahuano, joining the president Ms. Consuelo Raby in a board with a majority of women. In the same week, the Danish Shipping Association, led by Ms. Anne Steffensen, presented its new initiative to increase the number of women in shipping companies. Other initiatives, such as the IMO’s World Maritime Theme for last year “Empowering Women in the Maritime Community”, or the purple port in Tenerife are giving more visibility to women in the industry. It is clear that gender equality is not just a “trendy” topic, but a condition for sustainable development as pointed by the UN. These news and initiatives strength this idea and may motivate young women to pursue a maritime career.
The sustainable port is both smart and collective
The CEOs of the ports of Antwerp and Rotterdam have laid out converging visions for the future development of their respective ports, one having just returned from the World Economic Forum, the other speaking about in an interview about forward-looking prospect for the port. Both agree that the fight against climate change and the need for a carbon-neutral port economy are absolutely crucial. Technological innovation, both onshore and offshore, and moves to optimise logistics chains, will of course form part of the solution. Beyond that, however, the success of these changes will depend on the ability of ports to forge new partnerships and work collectively, by bringing their communities together around a shared process of transformation.
➜ Port of Rotterdam / Flows
To ease congestion on the roads, the Port of Melbourne (Australia) has confirmed plans to develop its rail infrastructure (with a €16 million investment)
Kribi (Cameroon): first 31 businesses now setting up in the port zone, with another 150 set to follow.
Vlissingen – North Sea Port (Netherlands): first developments for the Borsele 1+2 offshore wind farm that will eventually provide power to a million homes
Major trends and scenarios for the evolution of logistics
In the majority of port cities, logistics activity is increasingly structuring the territory. Marking out the future of this sector is becoming necessary. To this effect, the Urban Planning Agency of Marseille (France) remind us of a few key points. The massification of world trade flows will continue leading to the concentration of shipowners, the adaptation of ports, the extension and robotisation of warehouses, the emergence of single operators. In the era of e-commerce, the optimisation of the last mile has also become crucial. Nevertheless, land transport remains the weak link in this ecosystem with difficulties in massifying flows and proportionally a heavier CO2 impact. Pooling could be part of the answer but not all sectors believe in it. At the heart of these developments, the issue of employment appears to be an additional challenge for the territories.
Rwanda: Four ports on Lake Kivu earmarked as an alternative to road transport
Lake Kivu in western Rwanda marks the border with the neighbouring DRC. The four ports will be built with the help of the Netherlands, and spread out from the north to the south of the lake. They will promote improved mobility for passengers and goods between the various districts along the bank. Within twenty years, they should handle the majority of commercial cross-border trade and some 3 million passengers. The Government is also keen to use the ports as a platform for more ambitious plans to kick-start water-based transport on other lakes and rivers in Rwanda. The aim is to reduce the use of onshore transport infrastructures, maintenance of which represents a significant portion of the national budget. Finally, the project will help to boost competitiveness for both the food industry (beer, tea, coffee) and the cement industry, while also giving a lift to the tourist sector.
Whether fixed or floating, offshore wind power is now becoming truly industrialised. Cooperation between ports will need to be strengthened as a result.
Port of Montreal (Canada): fluid activities vital for combining economic efficiency and respect for the local population
The transport and logistics industry faced with the environmental and energy challenge
The sector currently accounts for 25% of the world’s greenhouse gas emissions. Energy efficiency is one of the biggest ways to cut emissions. While there is a consensus on the need to gradually phase out fossil fuels, LNG is seen as a stepping stone, while in the longer term, making the right choice between hydrogen, ammonia and biofuels remains a key challenge. Another way to reduce emissions is intermodality, with the aim of reducing the proportion of goods moved by road, and increasing short distance transport by rail, river and sea. Finally, innovating for more efficient logistics is the third solution. The aim is to reduce overall energy use, while ensuring that emissions avoided at sea are not simply moved onshore, particularly as a result of increased congestion in port cities.