Shanghai: new developments planned for Shiliupu Pier
Located in the Hangpu district, Shiliupu Pier was the city’s main ferry port in the 1980s. Having falling into disuse, it was redeveloped to become one of the water gates to the city for the world exhibition in 2010. But visitor numbers quickly fell. Today, the aim is to attract tourists by creating a transport hub and leisure area. A quayside promenade and viewing point overlooking the cruise ships are due to open to the public by the end of 2018, while a tourist information centre will be built on the opposite bank. There are also plans for hotels, shops and restaurants.
Full article : Shanghai Daily
Aarhus: C.F. Møller Architects unveil plans to redevelop an existing building and construct a 144 m tower on a former industrial port site
Full article : World Architecture News (+ images)
London: initial phase of development for a creative quarter on Sugar House Island
Designed by Waugh Thistleton Architects, Dane’s Yard will provide 8,175 m2 of working space for creative industries, in eight different buildings. The project is part of a mixed-use development on a 10.5 hectare site at Sugar Island, including 1200 homes, almost 58,000 m2 of offices, gardens, a riverside park, hotel, shops, and more.
Full article : World Architecture News (+ images)
The Port of the Balearics launches an invitation to tender to improve road and pedestrian access to the port of La Savina
Full article : Ports de Balears
Malaga: go-ahead for changes to the special port plan to allow the development of a luxury 35 storey hotel
Full article : 20minutos
Hamburg Innovation Port: work gets under way
The project designed by MVRDV includes four main buildings including a hotel, conference areas, offices, laboratories and research facilities. A significant amount of space will be earmarked for public use, including green roof terraces, to encourage interaction between people working in the zone. The project should be delivered by spring 2019, and will form part of the Channel Hamburg technology hub due to be created on the former site of Harburg’s inland port.
Full article : Bustler (+ images)
Tallinn: the Port and the City’s Urban Planning Department sign a MoU to implement the 2030 master plan aimed at redeveloping the Old Port district
Full article : Baltic course
La Spezia: a consortium including Costa, MSC and RCCL joins forces for the new cruise terminal and redevelopment of neighbouring spaces
Full article : Ship2shore
Dublin: 6400 m² of additional office space in the Docklands
In 2017, Kennedy Wilson and Nama bought the former port district of Hanover Quay. Work is due to get started in late 2018 on an office building overlooking the Grand Canal Docks. The building, which should be completed by 2020, completes the Capital Dock development project.
The Port of Taipei opens a 1.2 km stretch of quay for public fishing in response to rising demand for water-based leisure activities
Full article : Taïwan International Ports Corporation
The Port, University and Maritime Institute of Singapore invest S$18 million in a new Research Centre
Dubbed the “Centre of Excellence in Modelling and Simulation for Next Generation Ports (C4NGP)”, the facility will focus on the needs of industry, developing integrated systems and simulation platforms, as well as research into self-driving vehicles, traffic systems and flow optimisation.
Full article: Asia Today
The Tourist Board in Aarhus (Denmark) announces plans for 1300 local volunteers to greet cruise passengers
Full article: Cruise Industry
The Port of Quequen (Argentina) devises a plan to monitor marine wildlife
The port is committed to monitoring marine wildlife, and in particular eared seals. Aware of the impact of port activities on biodiversity, the port has joined forces with environmental groups to create a comprehensive programme including educational initiatives, research, monitoring, protection and care of animals.
Full article: Global Ports
Festivities held at the Leixoes cruise terminal to satisfy the curiosity of local residents.
Full article: Journal da Economia do Mar
The Abbot Point coal terminal (Australia) risks closure after the impact assessment on the site’s cultural heritage is found to be insufficient.
Full article: The Guardian
The Port of Vancouver presents awards to several economic and industrial stakeholders from its port community, in recognition of their commitment to reducing their environmental footprint
Full article: Port of Vancouver
Solar panels fitted to the roof of La Rochelle’s submarine base at the initiative of the port and the IEL group as part of a €2.5 million investment
Full article: UMLR
The port of Civitavecchia introduces a 0.1% sulphur limit for ferries
Full article: Le Marin
Nantes to host international oceanic exhibition “La mer XXL” next year
Full article: La Mer XXL
Backed by the Grand Port Maritime and the urban community, Dunkirk’s Port Center will open by the end of the year
Full article:: La Voix du Nord
Argentina: the growth in river traffic between inland and maritime ports is hindered by the absence of a national fleet.
Source : Nuestromar
Planning the redevelopment of maritime spaces is increasingly necessary for good exploitation
Energy, fishing, transport, aquiculture, and so on; more and more economic activities are moving into maritime spaces. Conflicts may arise and space planning is a solution for avoiding them. But while this tradition exists in European countries, that is not the case in North America.
Source : Port Strategy
Venice tests the Moses system designed to protect the city against high tides and flooding
Source: Le Figaro
Maersk considers that there is no real commercial future for the arctic route for at least 15 or 20 years
Source: Ship & Bunker
Guayaquil (Ecuador): the spectacular urban metamorphosis of a port-metropolis
The relocation of port traffic downstream and the abandoning of the historical port site have given the city of Guayaquil an opportunity to completely redevelop its waterfront. Started 20 years ago, the “Malecón 2000” project has profoundly altered the city’s image by giving a facade on the Estuary. It has been hailed as one of the best and most successful urban renewals of Latin America.
The principal city of Ecuador with 3 million inhabitants, Guayaquil is not only the economic capital of this small Andean country (population 15 million), but also its largest port. Today a total of 22 million tons per year moves over the port of Guayaquil. In addition to its historical role as the port serving the towns of the “Sierra”, the high plateaux, and the capital, Quito, it is now the great metropolis of the “Costa”, a rich agricultural region with plantations of bananas, cocoa, tropical fruits and sugar for agro-industrial uses, and an aquiculture industry (prawns). The city lies along the banks of the Guayas estuary, at the confluence of the Babahoyo and Daule rivers. The new port, built in 1963, has for years been suffering access problems from the Gulf of Guayaquil, and the land earmarked for port development has long since fallen to anarchic city growth. Today, the port (2 terminals in concession and 13 privates terminals) no longer has room for the new infrastructure necessary for its modernisation. The commercial port abandoned its historic installations in the city centre, with quays along the estuary, decades ago.
Today, the Municipality is promoting studies in order to dredge the access canal to 11 metres and for an ambitious new project to re-site the port downstream at Posorja, closer to deep waters and where plenty of land is available. This project should bring new life to the port and the city of Guayaquil as Ecuador’s principal port. It will also reflect the particularly strong economic growth enjoyed by the country over the last decade. In the north, the ports of Manta (bulk cargoes) and especially Esmeraldas (oil exports from Amazonia – 30 million tons) should undergo similar extension works in the next few years.
The relocation of port traffic downstream and the abandoning of the historical site of maritime activity have also given the city of Guayaquil an opportunity to completely redevelop its waterfront along the Guayas Estuary. Started 20 years ago, the “Malecón 2000” project has profoundly altered the city’s image by giving the centre a facade on the Guayas Estuary. It has been hailed as one of the best and most successful urban renewals of Latin America.
A city adrift
When Leon Febres Cordero, ex-president of Ecuador and a local boy, became mayor of Guayaquil in 1992, the city was in a situation described by all observers as catastrophic. The majority of public buildings were in an indescribable state of abandonment, as were basic sanitation services. Urban construction was out of control, municipal finances were at an all-time low while the levels of insecurity were peaking… Today it is hard to imagine the state of the city only two decades ago!
Swift, decisive action was needed. Backing onto the city centre, and the few historic buildings which had resisted the ravages of time, the banks of the Guayas had been abandoned since 1963, when the new port had been built further down the estuary. Here as elsewhere, the city turned its back on its waterfront. In the first half of the 20th century, cargo vessels still used to tie up at the end of a series of jetties, and the wharves were the scene of an intense social life. Once it had solved the problems of its infrastructure and basic services, the new municipal administration decided to make this abandoned river bank the spear-point of its urban regeneration project.
A pragmatic method of exemplary effectiveness
Several key ideas have dominated the execution of this ambitious project:
Speed. The situation was urgent, and the choice of a pragmatic approach was made at once with the decision to set up an operational structure, Fundación Malecón 2000, with a substantial work force in all fields, which would be capable of advancing sector by sector while ensuring coordinated management of the whole project.
A strategic master plan: « Image-Objective ». In 1996, the “Image-Objective” was drafted on the initiative of a local bank, “La Previsora”, and a team from Oxford Brookes University, modelled on the regeneration of waterfronts in North America, Europe and Argentina. « Image-Objective » was accepted by the Municipality in the same year, and the project was started.
Public spaces. Ignoring calls for privatisation, the so-called “Malecón Simon Bolívar” project was designed from the outset as an open, public space, including private cultural and commercial facilities open to the general public. On completion, the project had to be capable of generating the financial means necessary for its upkeep and evolution in the long term.
A principle of urban regeneration. The need was immediately perceived for the project to be a strong force for drawing the urban regeneration of the whole city behind it. The political, economic and social forces active in the city have been heavily involved in the definition of the project, which has proved successful in mobilising action. The local population has supported the project whole-heartedly, especially through the Malecón 2000 Foundation.
A specific tool. The need soon became apparent for a specific operational tool for planning, developing, building, administering, financing and maintaining the future Malecón Simon Bolívar. The Malecón 2000 Foundation was born in 1997 to meet this need. Legally the foundation is a private, non-profit-making organization which brings together the most diverse and representative institutions of Guayaquil. The city has handed over to the Foundation all the land on which the Malecón is built, consisting of 17 hectares along the river bank, on a 99-year lease.
Complementary financing. Finally, to finance the projects, two modes of operation were selected. On the one hand – a fairly classic solution for this kind of operation – concessions were granted for the commercial operation of certain private facilities (commercial premises, restaurants, IMAX cinema, etc.). On the other, a law was passed on 15 October 1997 establishing that 25% of donations or grants made by natural or legal persons to projects developed by the foundation could be deducted from tax liabilities for the financial years 1997 – 2002.
The latter financial mechanism allowed the Municipality to draw on considerable private funds to spend on the project immediately, although its own initial contribution could not exceed 25,000 USD. The number of private donors reached the remarkable figure of over 47,000 in 2001, a clear sign of public enthusiasm for the initiative! The redevelopment of the public spaces, which form 80% of the total area, thus benefited immediately from high quality work with a very carefully designed urban infrastructure. It is worth noting that 90% of the funds received by the foundation must be spent on effective project execution, and that a very strict control system has been set up.
To define and execute the project, an international team of urban planners, architects, landscape designers, etc., working in conjunction with Ecuadorian professionals, was rapidly appointed by means of international competitions. The operating team installed in the Foundation’s offices was coordinated by the British project leaders from Oxford Brookes University.
2001: “Guayaquil Siglo 21” Foundation set up
To complete the existing package, and considering the scale of the task of urban regeneration, a new operational instrument was set up in 2001. The Guayaquil Siglo 21 (Guayaquil 21st Century) Foundation, the sword in the Municipality’s hand, has wider powers than the Malecón 2000 Foundation, and its mission is to execute all the city’s urban redevelopment projects. A Municipal Foundation in private law, Guayaquil Siglo 21 now manages the municipal urban renewal budget without assistance from private donors. Under this regime it has financed numerous urban regeneration programmes; it is contractually bound to the Malecón 2000 Foundation, which continues to carry out its mission to redevelop and manage Malecón Simon Bolivar and other wharves located on an arm of the sea known as Estero Salado.
Malecón Simon Bolívar, a successful waterfront project for an ambitious urban regeneration plan
This ambitious first project in Guayaquil’s urban renewal is a continuous promenade 2.5 kilometres long running along the city’s riverbank. The central point is a monument commemorating the meeting between two leaders of South America’s Independence, Simon Bolivar and José de San Martin, where 9 de Octubre Avenue, the city centre’s main artery, meets the promenade. The long promenade ends at the foot of Las Peñas hill, which is also being redeveloped for tourism under another programme. The colourful two-storey traditional buildings are being preserved and refurbished for handicrafts shops and tourism services. In what has become the classic pattern of waterfront regeneration, the rhythm of the promenade is strongly marked by some of the typical recreational, commercial and cultural activities of waterfronts.
The whole project has been constructed in little more than ten years, a remarkable achievement which many elected officials in Europe can only dream of!
The principal structures from south to north are:
- The « Palacio de Cristal » (the Glass Palace), an old commercial hall belonging to the Eiffel workshops, which has been transformed into a multicultural space;
- a commercial centre housing more than 200 commercial premises of varying sizes;
- a big public area around the monument to Bolívar and San Martin, with two spectacular viewpoints giving views over the estuary;
- a huge botanical garden and children’s play area;
- two museum spaces dedicated to archaeology and contemporary art;
- a theatre and the IMAX cinema;
- underground parking below the Malecón surface.
This very diverse range of spaces is also a response to the cultural demand of a large, international city. Each structure was subject of specific competitive tenders, producing high quality projects. Today, Malecón Simon Bolívar is not only a favourite Sunday walk of the people of Guayaquil, but also one of the city’s principal tourist attractions. It is used by more than 20 million people every year.
So this operation to renew the Guayaquil waterfront, now remarkably well maintained, is a complete success, and demonstrates the viability of the management model applied. One of the keys to its success is certainly the continuity of Municipal policies since the initiative was launched in 1992. After Leon Febres Cordero, Jaime Nebot, mayor of the city since 2001, remained committed to actively pursue his predecessor’s urban redevelopment project. The model applied to create the Malecón Simon Bolívar has been reproduced with identical success along Estero Salado, an arm of the sea which forms the western boundary of the city centre and is connected to Malecón Simon Bolívar by the emblematic 9 de Octubre Avenue. It too has now been completely redeveloped.
Puerto Santa Ana, the emergence of a new residential and business district
To the north of Malecón Simon Bolívar, on the other side of the historic Las Peñas district where the city was founded in 1547, Puerto Santa Ana is a prolongation of the city’s transformation along the Estuary. The operation in this old port and industrial district was started in 2007, during the first term of the current mayor Jaime Nebot, and presents an evolution in the technique for urban transformation.
The whole ex industrial site, in particular with large breweries, was purchased by the Municipality. After the banks had been consolidated and roads built, half of the area was sold to private sector investors who are obliged to respect a very strict set of specifications. In particular, they are required to preserve and redevelop an important part of the existing industrial heritage. For example, silos in the sector have been converted into flats. The district is basically earmarked as a new residential sector with a collective housing for high earners.
Meanwhile the Municipality, through the Guayaquil Siglo 21 Foundation, has redeveloped public spaces with the same care shown in earlier operations. 50% of this space remains public and forms an extension of the promenade along the estuary. With the sales of these areas for the construction of dense private projects, the city hopes to obtain revenues with which to continue its urban regeneration policy.Redevelopment work continues to the north with the introduction of residential and office blocks, such as “The Point” – at 36 storeys the highest in the country – which will become emblematic of Guayaquil’s burgeoning new business district.
Port-city governance for the future?
Other challenges lie ahead for the port-city of Guayaquil. The announcement of the relocation of part of the port’s functions and the creation of new container terminals should trigger overall consideration on development of the port-city zone, especially road transport problems.
Moreover, the city of Guayaquil is regularly affected by the “El Niño” weather phenomenon, and better coordination between port and city development would probably allow problems resulting from flooding of the rivers to be handled better.
The current institutional situation of the port-city, where management of the principal port is directly dependent on a Port Authority attached to the national Port Directorate, and completely independent of the Municipal administration, does nothing to facilitate dialogue. The site for the relocation of the port is particularly controversial.
AIVP is very familiar with this type of situation, but there is little chance of evolution without awareness of the benefits of setting up a port-city partnership which will serve the global ambitions of Guayaquil the port-city!
The City of Guayaquil is a member of AIVP
Downlooad: Guayaquil Case Studies
Kingston (Jamaica) could be the first port-city to experience “climate departure” as from 2023
Source : Washington Post
No decision on deepening the river Elbe at Hamburg will be taken before 2014
Bureau Veritas chooses the port-city of Singapore for its Research Centre on deep water technologies
With the support of the Maritime Cluster Fund of the Maritime and Port Authority of Singapore, the centre will build cooperation with local universities and professionals in order to develop know-how, especially in the areas of renewable energy, hydrodynamics, anchorage systems, etc.
Source: MPA Singapore – Subsea Worldnews