New York: Brooklyn Navy Yard to become a hub for the new economy
A new 30-year masterplan has been revealed for the 121 hectares of Brooklyn Navy Yard. Conceived by WXY, it includes new public spaces and three buildings to house businesses, especially hi-tech, ship-building or fashion companies, and architects’ or cinema studios. Innovation will also be at the heart of the design of the buildings themselves, with vertical integration in the same building of all a manufacturer’s needs and functions. Farm production will be developed on a roof terrace. 8,500 people are presently working on the site. It is hoped to create 20,000 jobs by 2020 and 30,000 between 2030 and 2040.
Guangzhou: a cargo berth has become a cruise ship quay. A new passenger terminal has been announced for October 2019
Full article : Cruise Industry News
Melbourne: a 1948 crane is being restored on the heritage listed Northbank Goods Shed
Full article : Docklands news
Cadiz: the Port envisages the construction of a hotel with more than 250 rooms on the site of the Ciudad del Mar building, which is to be demolished
Full article : Lavanguardia
Palma: the winner is announced in the competition for ideas for the redevelopment of the Mollet zone
Port de Balears has awarded first prize to a project by the architects Rabassa y Forteza. The new marine promenade will become an axis to separate vehicles from pedestrians, who will once again have a view over the sea. An existing building may be demolished to combine the site with a planned maritime museum. The arcades at the fishing quay will be integrated into the new building, making a connection with the old ship-building yards.
San Francisco, Pier 70: Gensler has turned a former machine shop for destroyers and submarines into offices
Full article : Dezeen (+ images)
Lemvig (Denmark): designed by 3XN, the Climatorium will host conferences and exhibits on climate change, but also concerts, etc.
Full article : Bustler (+ images)
Saint Petersburg: the floating pontoon installed for events at the heart of New Holland Island has proven a success
Full article : Marina World, September/October, p. 23
Gdynia: ULI’s recommendations for the Fishing Pier
In February, ULI Europe organised a workshop on the Fishing Pier, part of the Sea City project. The initiative covers a 71 hectare site next to the city centre, which is set to house 8,000 residents and 4,000 new jobs. The report sets out the extent of the challenges involved in the Sea City and Fishing Pier plans. The recommendations focus on the need for an inclusive approach involving all of the stakeholders, as well as the importance of transparency and flexibility, connections with the existing city, and innovative funding arrangements. All of these recommendations are regularly highlighted by AIVP in its experiencing sharing initiatives.
Full article : ULI Advisory Workshop Report
BE MY PORT: A new identity to promote the port of Nantes Saint-Nazaire and make the port part of city life
Together, Nantes-Saint-Nazaire Port, the Union maritime Nantes ports (UMNP), the Nantes – Saint-Nazaire Chamber of Commerce & Industry, the Pays de Loire Region, the Carene, Nantes Métropole and the Loire-Atlantique département have decided to create promotional resources including a new visual identity. The new identity is designed to inspire inclusiveness and adoption by all potential users.
Oslo publishes a manual for cruise liner crews, who will in turn be effective channels for communicating for tourists
Full article: Cruise Europe
London: controversy surrounds air quality impact following the announcement of plans for a new cruise terminal
Full article: The Guardian
Guadeloupe Port Caraïbes and the CREDDI (economic and law research institute) of the University of the Antilles sign a partnership on research applied to the port economy
Source: Port de la Guadeloupe
Brest (France) hosts the 11th Sea Tech Week 2018 dedicated to marine bio-resources
Full article: Seatechweek
Interview with Tiedo Vellinga, professor at the University of Delft, on his roles in academia and business and the tangible interactions between them.
Full article: Dredging Today
The port of Vigo unveils a new strategic plan open to the port community: “what the port needs”
The plan has been produced to anticipate the needs of the port community and prepare the way for future infrastructural developments at the port. Drafted internally by the Port Authority, the document must now be completed by contributions from all stakeholders in the local community. This collaborative process is not new to Vigo, as its strategic plan for blue growth was based on contributions from 18 external working groups.
Full article: Apvigo
UK: Arup publishes a new report on ports and air quality
Full article: Ukmajorports
Santos (Brazil): the port sector is looking for funds for worker qualifications
Full article: Portosenavios
Maritime services to the land-locked countries of sub-Saharan Africa are improving: costs and transit times are falling
Source : WK Transport Logistique
Reorganisation and investment: the port of Rosario has the means to become the city’s principal economic driver
Source : Global Ports
Reducing polluting emissions by ships alongside requires the generalised installation of onshore power supply
Since the adoption of an international standard in September 2012, onshore power supply is being developed for all types of vessels. It requires a reliable and relatively powerful onshore electricity network, and some ports may have to produce their own power.
Source : Mer et Marine
Argentina: the growth in river traffic between inland and maritime ports is hindered by the absence of a national fleet.
Source : Nuestromar
Planning the redevelopment of maritime spaces is increasingly necessary for good exploitation
Energy, fishing, transport, aquiculture, and so on; more and more economic activities are moving into maritime spaces. Conflicts may arise and space planning is a solution for avoiding them. But while this tradition exists in European countries, that is not the case in North America.
Source : Port Strategy
Venice tests the Moses system designed to protect the city against high tides and flooding
Source: Le Figaro
Maersk considers that there is no real commercial future for the arctic route for at least 15 or 20 years
Source: Ship & Bunker
Guayaquil (Ecuador): the spectacular urban metamorphosis of a port-metropolis
The relocation of port traffic downstream and the abandoning of the historical port site have given the city of Guayaquil an opportunity to completely redevelop its waterfront. Started 20 years ago, the “Malecón 2000” project has profoundly altered the city’s image by giving a facade on the Estuary. It has been hailed as one of the best and most successful urban renewals of Latin America.
The principal city of Ecuador with 3 million inhabitants, Guayaquil is not only the economic capital of this small Andean country (population 15 million), but also its largest port. Today a total of 22 million tons per year moves over the port of Guayaquil. In addition to its historical role as the port serving the towns of the “Sierra”, the high plateaux, and the capital, Quito, it is now the great metropolis of the “Costa”, a rich agricultural region with plantations of bananas, cocoa, tropical fruits and sugar for agro-industrial uses, and an aquiculture industry (prawns). The city lies along the banks of the Guayas estuary, at the confluence of the Babahoyo and Daule rivers. The new port, built in 1963, has for years been suffering access problems from the Gulf of Guayaquil, and the land earmarked for port development has long since fallen to anarchic city growth. Today, the port (2 terminals in concession and 13 privates terminals) no longer has room for the new infrastructure necessary for its modernisation. The commercial port abandoned its historic installations in the city centre, with quays along the estuary, decades ago.
Today, the Municipality is promoting studies in order to dredge the access canal to 11 metres and for an ambitious new project to re-site the port downstream at Posorja, closer to deep waters and where plenty of land is available. This project should bring new life to the port and the city of Guayaquil as Ecuador’s principal port. It will also reflect the particularly strong economic growth enjoyed by the country over the last decade. In the north, the ports of Manta (bulk cargoes) and especially Esmeraldas (oil exports from Amazonia – 30 million tons) should undergo similar extension works in the next few years.
The relocation of port traffic downstream and the abandoning of the historical site of maritime activity have also given the city of Guayaquil an opportunity to completely redevelop its waterfront along the Guayas Estuary. Started 20 years ago, the “Malecón 2000” project has profoundly altered the city’s image by giving the centre a facade on the Guayas Estuary. It has been hailed as one of the best and most successful urban renewals of Latin America.
A city adrift
When Leon Febres Cordero, ex-president of Ecuador and a local boy, became mayor of Guayaquil in 1992, the city was in a situation described by all observers as catastrophic. The majority of public buildings were in an indescribable state of abandonment, as were basic sanitation services. Urban construction was out of control, municipal finances were at an all-time low while the levels of insecurity were peaking… Today it is hard to imagine the state of the city only two decades ago!
Swift, decisive action was needed. Backing onto the city centre, and the few historic buildings which had resisted the ravages of time, the banks of the Guayas had been abandoned since 1963, when the new port had been built further down the estuary. Here as elsewhere, the city turned its back on its waterfront. In the first half of the 20th century, cargo vessels still used to tie up at the end of a series of jetties, and the wharves were the scene of an intense social life. Once it had solved the problems of its infrastructure and basic services, the new municipal administration decided to make this abandoned river bank the spear-point of its urban regeneration project.
A pragmatic method of exemplary effectiveness
Several key ideas have dominated the execution of this ambitious project:
Speed. The situation was urgent, and the choice of a pragmatic approach was made at once with the decision to set up an operational structure, Fundación Malecón 2000, with a substantial work force in all fields, which would be capable of advancing sector by sector while ensuring coordinated management of the whole project.
A strategic master plan: « Image-Objective ». In 1996, the “Image-Objective” was drafted on the initiative of a local bank, “La Previsora”, and a team from Oxford Brookes University, modelled on the regeneration of waterfronts in North America, Europe and Argentina. « Image-Objective » was accepted by the Municipality in the same year, and the project was started.
Public spaces. Ignoring calls for privatisation, the so-called “Malecón Simon Bolívar” project was designed from the outset as an open, public space, including private cultural and commercial facilities open to the general public. On completion, the project had to be capable of generating the financial means necessary for its upkeep and evolution in the long term.
A principle of urban regeneration. The need was immediately perceived for the project to be a strong force for drawing the urban regeneration of the whole city behind it. The political, economic and social forces active in the city have been heavily involved in the definition of the project, which has proved successful in mobilising action. The local population has supported the project whole-heartedly, especially through the Malecón 2000 Foundation.
A specific tool. The need soon became apparent for a specific operational tool for planning, developing, building, administering, financing and maintaining the future Malecón Simon Bolívar. The Malecón 2000 Foundation was born in 1997 to meet this need. Legally the foundation is a private, non-profit-making organization which brings together the most diverse and representative institutions of Guayaquil. The city has handed over to the Foundation all the land on which the Malecón is built, consisting of 17 hectares along the river bank, on a 99-year lease.
Complementary financing. Finally, to finance the projects, two modes of operation were selected. On the one hand – a fairly classic solution for this kind of operation – concessions were granted for the commercial operation of certain private facilities (commercial premises, restaurants, IMAX cinema, etc.). On the other, a law was passed on 15 October 1997 establishing that 25% of donations or grants made by natural or legal persons to projects developed by the foundation could be deducted from tax liabilities for the financial years 1997 – 2002.
The latter financial mechanism allowed the Municipality to draw on considerable private funds to spend on the project immediately, although its own initial contribution could not exceed 25,000 USD. The number of private donors reached the remarkable figure of over 47,000 in 2001, a clear sign of public enthusiasm for the initiative! The redevelopment of the public spaces, which form 80% of the total area, thus benefited immediately from high quality work with a very carefully designed urban infrastructure. It is worth noting that 90% of the funds received by the foundation must be spent on effective project execution, and that a very strict control system has been set up.
To define and execute the project, an international team of urban planners, architects, landscape designers, etc., working in conjunction with Ecuadorian professionals, was rapidly appointed by means of international competitions. The operating team installed in the Foundation’s offices was coordinated by the British project leaders from Oxford Brookes University.
2001: “Guayaquil Siglo 21” Foundation set up
To complete the existing package, and considering the scale of the task of urban regeneration, a new operational instrument was set up in 2001. The Guayaquil Siglo 21 (Guayaquil 21st Century) Foundation, the sword in the Municipality’s hand, has wider powers than the Malecón 2000 Foundation, and its mission is to execute all the city’s urban redevelopment projects. A Municipal Foundation in private law, Guayaquil Siglo 21 now manages the municipal urban renewal budget without assistance from private donors. Under this regime it has financed numerous urban regeneration programmes; it is contractually bound to the Malecón 2000 Foundation, which continues to carry out its mission to redevelop and manage Malecón Simon Bolivar and other wharves located on an arm of the sea known as Estero Salado.
Malecón Simon Bolívar, a successful waterfront project for an ambitious urban regeneration plan
This ambitious first project in Guayaquil’s urban renewal is a continuous promenade 2.5 kilometres long running along the city’s riverbank. The central point is a monument commemorating the meeting between two leaders of South America’s Independence, Simon Bolivar and José de San Martin, where 9 de Octubre Avenue, the city centre’s main artery, meets the promenade. The long promenade ends at the foot of Las Peñas hill, which is also being redeveloped for tourism under another programme. The colourful two-storey traditional buildings are being preserved and refurbished for handicrafts shops and tourism services. In what has become the classic pattern of waterfront regeneration, the rhythm of the promenade is strongly marked by some of the typical recreational, commercial and cultural activities of waterfronts.
The whole project has been constructed in little more than ten years, a remarkable achievement which many elected officials in Europe can only dream of!
The principal structures from south to north are:
- The « Palacio de Cristal » (the Glass Palace), an old commercial hall belonging to the Eiffel workshops, which has been transformed into a multicultural space;
- a commercial centre housing more than 200 commercial premises of varying sizes;
- a big public area around the monument to Bolívar and San Martin, with two spectacular viewpoints giving views over the estuary;
- a huge botanical garden and children’s play area;
- two museum spaces dedicated to archaeology and contemporary art;
- a theatre and the IMAX cinema;
- underground parking below the Malecón surface.
This very diverse range of spaces is also a response to the cultural demand of a large, international city. Each structure was subject of specific competitive tenders, producing high quality projects. Today, Malecón Simon Bolívar is not only a favourite Sunday walk of the people of Guayaquil, but also one of the city’s principal tourist attractions. It is used by more than 20 million people every year.
So this operation to renew the Guayaquil waterfront, now remarkably well maintained, is a complete success, and demonstrates the viability of the management model applied. One of the keys to its success is certainly the continuity of Municipal policies since the initiative was launched in 1992. After Leon Febres Cordero, Jaime Nebot, mayor of the city since 2001, remained committed to actively pursue his predecessor’s urban redevelopment project. The model applied to create the Malecón Simon Bolívar has been reproduced with identical success along Estero Salado, an arm of the sea which forms the western boundary of the city centre and is connected to Malecón Simon Bolívar by the emblematic 9 de Octubre Avenue. It too has now been completely redeveloped.
Puerto Santa Ana, the emergence of a new residential and business district
To the north of Malecón Simon Bolívar, on the other side of the historic Las Peñas district where the city was founded in 1547, Puerto Santa Ana is a prolongation of the city’s transformation along the Estuary. The operation in this old port and industrial district was started in 2007, during the first term of the current mayor Jaime Nebot, and presents an evolution in the technique for urban transformation.
The whole ex industrial site, in particular with large breweries, was purchased by the Municipality. After the banks had been consolidated and roads built, half of the area was sold to private sector investors who are obliged to respect a very strict set of specifications. In particular, they are required to preserve and redevelop an important part of the existing industrial heritage. For example, silos in the sector have been converted into flats. The district is basically earmarked as a new residential sector with a collective housing for high earners.
Meanwhile the Municipality, through the Guayaquil Siglo 21 Foundation, has redeveloped public spaces with the same care shown in earlier operations. 50% of this space remains public and forms an extension of the promenade along the estuary. With the sales of these areas for the construction of dense private projects, the city hopes to obtain revenues with which to continue its urban regeneration policy.Redevelopment work continues to the north with the introduction of residential and office blocks, such as “The Point” – at 36 storeys the highest in the country – which will become emblematic of Guayaquil’s burgeoning new business district.
Port-city governance for the future?
Other challenges lie ahead for the port-city of Guayaquil. The announcement of the relocation of part of the port’s functions and the creation of new container terminals should trigger overall consideration on development of the port-city zone, especially road transport problems.
Moreover, the city of Guayaquil is regularly affected by the “El Niño” weather phenomenon, and better coordination between port and city development would probably allow problems resulting from flooding of the rivers to be handled better.
The current institutional situation of the port-city, where management of the principal port is directly dependent on a Port Authority attached to the national Port Directorate, and completely independent of the Municipal administration, does nothing to facilitate dialogue. The site for the relocation of the port is particularly controversial.
AIVP is very familiar with this type of situation, but there is little chance of evolution without awareness of the benefits of setting up a port-city partnership which will serve the global ambitions of Guayaquil the port-city!
The City of Guayaquil is a member of AIVP
Downlooad: Guayaquil Case Studies
Kingston (Jamaica) could be the first port-city to experience “climate departure” as from 2023
Source : Washington Post