Energy transition and circular economy
The sector currently accounts for 25% of the world’s greenhouse gas emissions. Energy efficiency is one of the biggest ways to cut emissions. While there is a consensus on the need to gradually phase out fossil fuels, LNG is seen as a stepping stone, while in the longer term, making the right choice between hydrogen, ammonia and biofuels remains a key challenge. Another way to reduce emissions is intermodality, with the aim of reducing the proportion of goods moved by road, and increasing short distance transport by rail, river and sea. Finally, innovating for more efficient logistics is the third solution. The aim is to reduce overall energy use, while ensuring that emissions avoided at sea are not simply moved onshore, particularly as a result of increased congestion in port cities.
➜ Diario del Puerto 1 / Diario del Puerto 2 / Diario del Puerto 3 / Diario del Puerto 4
Reducing carbon footprints, developing new energy sources, promoting multimodality, and electrifying installations are all areas in which ports have been taking responsibility for nearly ten years. AIVP provides you with regular updates on the latest developments in these areas, in which there is also a trend towards greater cooperation, with ten Nordic ports recently announcing initiatives to tackle the issues involved. At sea, with one month to go before the new IMO regulations come into force, things appear to be moving more slowly. In a recent report by the Global Maritime Forum, the maritime industry itself expressed concern about its preparedness for the new regulations, decarbonisation and the demands of civil society.
➜ Flows / Global Maritime Forum / Report (pdf) / Ports of Stockholm / Port of Gothenburg
Associated British Ports is arguing in favour of shared governance of the City Port territory, calling on politicians to do more to take account of port master plans in their policies. The scale of the commercial, environmental, technical and social changes requires a concerted approach, bringing together all local communities (City Port). These observations go hand in hand with the Port Futures programme, through which ABP is urging its members to innovate).
➜ British Ports Association / Report (pdf)
Fierce competition between port territories has always come down to onshore mobility issues. As a result, rail and river links are strategically important, since they are the only ways to transport goods to and from the port whilst respecting the public’s environmental concerns. The future European Transport Commissioner has made the issue a central policy plank, while there is also visible investment on the ground. Kiel (Germany) is developing the capacity to support 740 metre-long trains, while Long Beach (USA) is committed to expanding its main rail infrastructures. In Canada, the ports of Quebec and Halifax are making rail links to the centre of the country and the American Midwest a key component of efforts to develop container activity. In many cases, the choice for ports is a multimodal future, or no future at all.
➜ NPI (European Policy) / Port of Kiel / Port Strategy (Halifax) / Port Strategy (Quebec)