Housing development strategies or plans to fill in dock basins can pose an irreversible threat to the future of existing port activities. One way to avoid such pitfalls involves clearly identifying the port’s current footprint and the ways in which it is likely to be altered under various port development scenarios. The findings can then be used to examine compatibilities – and incompatibilities – between port expansion or redevelopment projects on the one hand, and urban development projects on the other.

This example alone illustrates the need to consider the range of options available for urban and port (re)development, and to ensure adequate means of dialogue and consultation are in place.

In addition to this, however, the challenge is to secure the engagement of civil society, ensuring that the population properly understands and supports projects as they progress.